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medical terminology

anaplasia

abnormal cells without regular nucleus

atrophy

wastage of an organ

cortex

outer portion of an organ

cytology

study of cells

dysplasia

formationof abnormal cells

fundus

area of a hollow organ opposite main opening

genome

map of genetic material of species

hilum

depression on surface of organ

histerology

study of tissues

hypertrophy

enlargement of an organ with its own tissue

infarct

wedge-shaped area of tissue deprived of its blood supply

interstitial

type of supporting tissue

ischaemia

lack of blood to a part

medulla

inner portion of an organ

metaplasia

type of cell growing beyond where usually found

oncology

study of tumours

adenoma

tumour of a gland

benign

opposite of malignant

carcinoma

cancerous cells

chondroma

benign tumour of cartilage

chondrosarcoma

malignant tumour of cartilage & bone

contusion

bruise

embolism

obstruction of blood vessel by particle of blood, fat or air

embolus

blood clot, fat or air travelling in blood stream

epithelioma

tumour of epithelial tissue

fibroma

tumour of fibrous tissue

haematoma

swelling containing blood

keloid scar

abnormal overgrowth of fibrous tissue in healing of wound

lesion

abnormal change in tissue

lipoma

tumour composed of fat

malignant

dangerous disease or tumour likely to be fatal

myalgia

painful muscles

myasthenia gravis

disease causing abnormal fatigue & weakness in voluntary muscles

myoma

tumour of muscle

NG

new growth

necrosis

death of tissue

necrotising fasciitis

destruction of soft tissue by overwhelming bacterial infection

neoplasm

new growth or tumour

oedema

free fluid in the tissues

papilloma

wart-type benign tumour

peritonitis

inflammation of lining of abdomen/pelvis

pleurisy

inflammationof pleura (covering lungs)

sarcoma

cancer of connective tissue

sebaceous cyst

swelling caused by blockage of sebaceous gland duct

biopsy

removal of portion of living tissue for investigation

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