Clean Air Act
1970- law that established national standards for states, strict auto emissions guidelines, and regulations, which set air pollution standardds for private industry
Pollution Prevention Act
Requires facilities to reduce pollution at its source. Reduction can be in volume or toxicity.
National Environmental Policy Act
An act that established a U.S. national policy that promotes the enhancement of the environment and also established the President's Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ).
Freedom of Information Act
1966 Act allowing citizens to inspect all government records with the exception of classified military or intelligence documents, trade secrets or private personnel files.
Occupational Safety and Health Act
a law passed by the United States Congress that created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration to prevent employees from being injured or contracting diseases in the course of their employment
Emergency Wetlands Resources Act
approved November 10, 1986, authorized the purchase of wetlands from Land and Water Conservation Fund monies, removing a prior prohibition on such acquisitions.
Endangered American Wilderness Act
the Act added 13 new wilderness areas and expanded four others in ten western states for a total addition of 1.3 million acres of national forest lands to the National Wilderness Preservation System.
Federal Land Policy and Management Act
- federal law that outlines procedures concerning the use and preservation of public US lands
Land and Water Conservation Act
is a Federal program that was established by Act of Congress in 1964 to provide monies and matching grants to federal, state and local governments for the acquisition of land and water, and easements on land and water, for the benefit of all Americans.
National Park Service Act
(1916) created the National Park Service to oversee the network of national parks under the Department of the Interior
Soil and Water Conservation Act
An act that Provides for a continuing appraisal of US soil, water, and related resources, including fish and wildlife habitats, and a soil and water conservation program to assist landowners.
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
(1977) requires better restoration of strip- mined lands, especially if land classed as prime farmland
allows the government to protect undeveloped tracts of public land from development
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act
The objective of FIFRA is to provide federal control of pesticide distribution, sale, and use. All pesticides used in the United States must be registered (licensed) by EPA. Registration assures that pesticides will be properly labeled and that, if used in accordance with specifications, they will not cause unreasonable harm to the environment. Use of each registered pesticide must be consistent with use directions contained on the label or labeling.
Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act
1938; created food and drug administration and required manufacturers to list ingredients.
Food Quality Protection Act
1996; set pesticide limits in food, and all active and inactive ingredients must be screened for estrogenic/endocrine effects
Marine Plastic Pollution Research and Control Act
Regulates the dumping of wastes into oceans and coastal waters
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Reduce solid waste, prohibit open dumping. Cradle-to-grave management of hazardous wastes. Regulated underground storage tanks.
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act
Passed in 1980; established superfund to clean up uncontrolled hazardous waste sites and to respond to spills
Federal Environmental Pesticides Control Act
a United States federal law that set up the basic U.S. system of pesticide regulation to protect applicators, consumers and the environment.
Hazardous Materials Transportation Act
published in 1975; Its primary objective is to provide adequate protection against the risks to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous material in commerce by improving the regulatory and enforcement authority of the Secretary of Transportation.
Nuclear Waste Policy Act
1982; U.S. government must develop a high level nuclear waste site (Yucca Mountain)
Toxic Substances Control Act
Authorized the EPA to ban or regulate chemicals deemed a risk to health or the environment
Clean Water Act
Federal Law setting a national goal of making all natural surface water fit for fishing and swimming by 1983, banned polluted discharge into surface water and required the metals be removed from waste
Federal Water Pollution Control Act
Authorized the surgeon general of the Public Health Service, with others, to prepare comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters.
Ocean Dumping Ban Act
(1988) bans ocean dumping of sewage sludge and industrial waste in the ocean
Oil Spill Prevention and Liability Act
Strengthened EPA's ability to prevent and respond to oil spills
Safe Drinking Water Act
(SDWA, 1974) set maximum contaminant levels for pollutants in drinking water that may have adverse effects on human health
Water Resources Development Act
Is a reference to public laws enacted by Congress to deal with various aspects of water resources: environmental, structural, navigational, flood protection, hydrology, etc.
Water Quality Act
1965; attempt to reduce non-point pollution by creating government watch dog under Dept of Health, Ed and Welfare
Endangered Species Act
identifies threatened and endangered species in the US, and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act
This Act, commonly known as the Nongame Act, encourages states to develop conservation plans for nongame fish and wildlife of ecological, educational, aesthetic, cultural, recreational, economic or scientific value. The states may be reimbursed for a percentage of the costs of developing, revising or implementing conservation plans approved by the Secretary of the Interior. Amendments adopted in 1988 and 1989 also direct the Secretary to undertake certain activities to research and conserve migratory nongame birds.
Marine Mammal Protection Act
1972 - Federal law that gives responsibility of protecting marine animals to the Department of Commerce and the Department of the Anterior; in 1994 you can't harrass marine mammals; doesn't protect polar bear trophies import/export
marine, Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act
established marine sanctuaries at sea and reqires permit to dump wastes into ocean; problem for cruise lines
National Wildlife Refuge System Act
1966-1st comp legislation for management of refuges
Bureau of Land Management
a federal agency responsible for managing vast tracts of public lands in the American west
Centers for Disease Control
collects data and conducts research on nearly all types of diseases, disorders, and disabilities
Department of Energy
the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States
Fish and Wildlife Service
Allows for surveys and investigation of wildlife
National Institute for Environmental Health Science
The mission of the NIEHS is to reduce the burden of human illness and disability by understanding how the environment influences the development and progression of human disease. NIEHS focuses on basic science, disease-oriented research, global environmental health, and multidisciplinary training for researchers.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
nonregulatory agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work related disease and injury. (NIOSH)
National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration
is a scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce focused on the conditions of the oceans and the atmosphere. NOAA warns of dangerous weather, charts seas and skies, guides the use and protection of ocean and coastal resources, and conducts research to improve understanding and stewardship of the environment.
National Toxicology Program
is an inter-agency program run by the United States Department of Health and Human Services to coordinate, evaluate, and report on toxicology within public agencies.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
an independent federal agency created in 1974 to license and regulate nuclear power plants
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
a government agency in the Department of Labor to maintain a safe and healthy work environment
United States Geological Survey
one of the largest employers of cartographers for gov., produces detailed maps of the U.S.