Chapter 6 Deviance and Crime

23 terms by michellebrill 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

corporate crime

illegal acts committed by corporate employees on behalf of the corporation and with its support.

crime

behavior that violates criminal law and is punishable with fines, jail terms, and other sanctions.

criminal justice system

the more than 55,000 local, state, and federal agencies that enforce laws, adjudicate crimes, and treat and rehabilitate criminals.

criminology

the systematic study of crime and the criminal justice system, including the police, courts, and prisons.

deviance

any behavior, belief, or condition that violates significant social norms in the society or group in which it occurs.

differential association theory

the proposition that individuals have a greater tendency to deviate from societal norms when they frequently associate with persons who are more favorable toward deviance than conformity.

illegitimate opportunity structures

circumstances that provide an opportunity for people to acquire through illegitimate activities what they cannot achieve through legitimate channels.

juvenile delinquency

a violation of law or the commission of a status offense by young people.

labeling theory

the proposition that deviants are those people who have been successfully labeled as such by others.

occupational (white-collar) crime

illegal activities committed by people in the course of their employment or financial affairs.

organized crime

a business operation that supplies illegal goods and services for profit.

political crime

illegal or unethical acts involving the usurpation of power by government officials, or illegal/unethical acts perpetrated against the government by outsiders seeking to make a political statement, undermine the government, or overthrow it.

primary deviance

the initial act of rule-breaking.

property crimes

burglary (breaking into private property to commit a serious crime), motor vehicle theft , larceny-theft (theft of property worth $50 or more), and arson.

punishment

any action designed to deprive a person of things of value (including liberty) because of some offense the person is thought to have committed.

secondary deviance

the process that occurs when a person who has been labeled a deviant accepts that new identity and continues the deviant behavior.

social bond theory

the proposition that the probability of deviant behavior increases when a person's ties to society are weakened or broken.

social control

systematic practices developed by social groups to encourage conformity to norms, rules, and laws and to discourage deviance.

strain theory

the proposition that people feel strain when they are exposed to cultural goals that they are unable to obtain because they do not have access to culturally approved means of achieving those goals.

terrorism

the calculated unlawful use of physical force or threats of violence against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government, organization, or individual for the purpose of gaining some political, religious, economic, or social objective.

tertiary deviance

deviance that occurs when a person who has been labeled a deviant seeks to normalize the behavior by relabeling it as non-deviant.

victimless crimes

crimes involving a willing exchange of illegal goods or services among adults.

violent crime

actions-murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault-involving force or the threat of force against others.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set