Correctness or precision.
To add a prefix or suffix to a word.
Words that repeat beginning consonant sounds (Ted tiptoed toward two tiny trees.)
An implied reference in writing to a familiar person, place or event without actually mentioning them.
The process of identifying the parts of a whole idea and their relationships to one another.
A word that is the opposite of another word (e.g. hot-cold, night-day).
Writing where two nouns in a row refer to the same person (ex- " My father, Ned, worked for NASA.").
A statement or claim.
What the author is trying to do by writing (ex - entertain, inform, persuade, describe).
The story of a person's life written by himself or herself.
The story of a person's life written by someone else.
Cause and Effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
The way an author describes characters to show what they are like.
A word composed of two or more smaller words (ex - doorknob)
The ending of the story.
A struggle between opposing characters or forces in a story; the plot is usually about getting a resolution to it.
Information from the reading that hints at a word's meaning.
To compare or find differences.
Conventions of Language
Rules for proper writing.
Writing that allows a reader to picture the scene or setting in which the action of a story takes place.
Conversation between people in a story.
Distinguish, tell apart and recognize differences between two or more items.
A newspaper or magazine article that gives the opinions of the editors or publishers.
A long story-like poem about the adventures of a hero.
To examine and to judge carefully.
To make an overstatement or to stretch the truth.
A sentence that explains something.
Something actually stated or written out; the opposite of implicit
Text written to explain and give information about a topic.
A story intended to teach a moral lesson. Animals with human characteristics often serve as characters.
Short stories featuring mythical beings such as fairies, elves and sprites.
Any story that is the product of imagination, even if the story is possible or realistic.
Language that cannot be taken literally. (ex - "You're pulling my leg, right?")
When the narrator of the story uses "I" to describe events. (ex - "I went down my back steps and there, in front of me, was the thing that terrified me.")
A way of writing that looks back on an event that happened before the time of writing; often written as if from the memory of a character.
The level of a reader's ability to read clearly, without un-needed pauses.
The center of interest or attention.
A fairy-tale type story coming from spoken tradition.
Hinting at future events without actually telling them.
Poetry without regular meter and rhyme patterns.
A conclusion formed from specific information, used to make a broad statement about a topic or person.
A category used to classify writing, usually by form or content (ex - action, mystery, romance, poetry).
A diagram or picture device that shows relationships.
Words pronounced the same, but have a different spelling or meaning (ex -"write" and "right")
An exaggeration or overstatement (ex- I was so embarrassed I could have died.).
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
A word or group of words in a writing which speak to one or more of the senses: sight, taste, touch, hearing and smell.
Meanings which, though unwritten in the actual text, may be understood by the reader.
A judgment based on reasoning rather than on direct or actual statement. A conclusion based on facts or circumstances.
The use of a word or phrase to mean the exact opposite of its literal or usual meaning, often sarcastically.
A story about mythical or supernatural creatures or events, or a story coming down from the past.
A five line poem in which lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme.
In a story, the narrator is usually one of the characters and only knows what is going on in his own mind, not in other characters' minds.
The techniques used in writing (ex- characterization, setting, plot, theme).
Factual writing that uses techniques more often used with fiction or stories.
The author's central thought or chief topic.
Writing that compares or describes without using 'like' or 'as'. (ex. - the man is a bulldozer; nothing can move him.)
The repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
The 'emotions' of a work or of the author in his or her creation of the work.
Writing which tells a story or relates events or dialogue
Writing that is factual, not creative or fictional.
Form of writing where the author is "all-knowing" and can share each character's thoughts or past.
The use of words whose sounds express or suggest their meaning. (ex. - "hiss" or "meow".)
Restate text or passage in other words, often to clarify meaning or show understanding.
Something non-human which is given human qualities or human form (ex. Flowers danced about the lawn.).
The relationship between letters and sounds fundamental in beginning reading.
The sequence in which the author arranges events in a story. The structure often includes the rising action, the climax, the falling action and the resolution.
Writing that aims to present ideas and evoke an emotional experience in the reader through the use of meter, imagery, and sometimes, rhyme.
Point of view
The vantage point from which the story is told.
A form of a noun or pronoun that indicates belonging to someone or something. (usually apostrophe and s. Michael's boat.
A Prefixes are groups of letters that can be placed before a word to alter its meaning.
Includes such forms as newspapers, periodicals, magazines, books, newsletters, advertising, memos, business forms, etc.
An organizational structure in nonfiction texts, where the author typically presents a dilemna and possible answer to it.
Unfounded or illogical ways of getting someone to agree with your point of view.
A document that focuses on civic issues or matters of public policy.
Reading in which a questioning attitude, logical analysis and inference are used to judge the worth of text.
The speed at which a person reads, usually silently.
A systematic study of a subject or problem.
The part of a story following the climax, in which the story's main conflict is resolved.
Recounting in your own words a story or article that has just been read.
Identical or very similar recurring final sounds in words usually at the end of lines of a poem.
The pattern or beat of a poem.
The part of a story where the plot becomes increasingly complicated, leading up to the climax.
A word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added (example: HELP - helpful, unhelpful, helpless, helper)
The use of ridicule, sarcasm, or irony in writing to make fun of someone or something.
A comprehension strategy; knowing or recognizing when what one is reading or writing is not making sense.
The study of meaning in language.
The time and place in which a story unfolds.
A comparison of two unlike things in which a word of comparison (like or as) is used (e.g., She eats like a bird.).
A lyric poem of fourteen lines whose rhyme scheme is usually abbaabba cdecde.
Text and/or artifacts that tell a first-hand account or are original works (letters, journals, etc.)
Text and/or artifacts that are not original, but written from something original (biographies, magazine articles, research papers).
A visual representation of a story that provides an overview including characters, setting, the problem, and resolution or ending.
An organized body of knowledge; a discipline; a content area.
Groups of letters placed after a word that change its meaning or part of speech.
To capture all the most important parts of the original story, but express them in a much shorter space, and in the readers own words.
How an author writes; an author's use of language
A device in literature where an object represents an idea.
One of two or more words in a language that have highly similar meanings (e.g., sorrow, grief, sadness).
The pattern or structure of word order in sentences, clauses and phrases.
The author's method of organizing a text.
A topic of discussion or writing; a major idea broad enough to cover the entire scope of a literary work.
The basic argument advanced by a speaker or writer
A perspective that presents the events of the story from outside of any single character's perception
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
Refers to statements that have the appearance of truth or reality.
Idea map made up of two or more overlapping circles.
The fluency, rhythm and liveliness in writing that make it unique to the writer.