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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. cryosphere
  2. greenhouse effect
  3. West Pacific Warm Pool
  4. ice cores
  5. hydrosphere
  1. a radiation reflected from the surface is absorbed by some gases and re-radiated as heat, some of which stays in the atmosphere and warms the surface
  2. b the frozen part of the earth's surface, including glaciers, polar ice caps, continental ice sheets, etc.
  3. c includes all of the earth's water found in oceans, glaciers, lakes, ground water, and the air.
  4. d ice that is drilled out of glaciers. Gas bubbles in them give a direct measurement of what the climate was like in the past
  5. e located near the equator-where water is warmer in the west Pacific than the east Pacific

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the farthest orbital point from the sun (152 million km)
  2. When A increases, B increases, which causes A to increase even more.Ex. temp increase, ice melts, albedo decrease, temp increase
  3. a substitute recorder of past climate Ex. width of growth rings may indicate what climate was like in the past
  4. photosynthesis in surface waters which uses up C02 draws down more C02 from the atmosphere
  5. the wobble of the earth on its axis (11,000 year period to move between extremes)

5 True/False questions

  1. weatherthe average surface condition over some period of time


  2. negative feedbackWhen A increases, B decreases, causing A to decrease Ex. global warming increase, thermohaline circulation decrease, global warming decrease


  3. Southern Oscillationair pressure 'flips' between Australia (W) and Tahiti (E)


  4. albedothe farthest orbital point from the sun (152 million km)


  5. Thermohaline Circulationthe conveyor belt of heat and salt transport in oceans


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