The _____ was Roosevelt's plan for getting out of the Depression (relief, recovery, and reform).
time period between FDR's election in November and his inauguration in March
What FDR said we should fear.
_____- the 1st 100 days Roosevelt was in office. This was a time of many new programs to try to improve the economy.
_____- time when Roosevelt closed all U.S. banks to see if the banks were financially healthy. He wanted to restore confidence in the banking system.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
The _____ insured bank deposits up to $2,500 initially
Securities and Exchange Comission (SEC)
The _____ regulated the stock market.
FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Administration)
Roosevelt's relief organization called _____ which helped people find jobs.
Public works programs
_____ were government-funded projects to build public facilities.
The _____ employed __ million workers to build roads, parks, airports, and other facilities.
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps); 2.5
The _____ put __ million young, unmarried men to work maintaining forests, beaches, and parks.
_____ was Roosevelt's commissioner of Indian Affairs.
NRA (National Recovery Administration)
The _____ tried to balance the unstable economy through extensive planning by regulating businesses to make sure they were practicing fair business practices.
The _____ launched major public work projects like building the Grand Coulee Dam.
Federal Housing Act (FHA)
The _____ was created to improve housing standards and conditions and to insure mortgages (loans).
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Administration)
The _____ raised farm prices by paying subsidies or government financial assisstance to farmers who cut production of certain crops.
Tennesee Valley Authority (TVA)
The _____ provided cheap electric power, flood control, and recreational opportunities to the entire Tennesee Valley.
_____- informal group of intellectuals who were FDR's advisors.
President Roosevelt appointed the 1st woman cabinet member when he appointed _____ as Sec. of Labor.
Her husband's greatest advisor.
Some "New Deal" legislation failed and the Supreme Court said the _____ was unconstitutional.
Second New Deal
The _____ went into effect. This caused more social welfare, benefits, stricter control over business, stronger support for unions, and higher taxes on the rich.
Rural Electrification Administration (REA)
Through the _____ 98% of the farms eventually had electricity compared to 10% at the beginning of the Depression.
a) set up old-age pensions and survivor's benefits. b) set up unemployment insurance. c) set up aid for dependent children, the blind, and the disabled.
In 1905, Congress set up the Social Security system which:
Alfred M. Landon
Roosevelt won re-election in 1936 when he defeated _____, the Republican, by a landslide.
Republicans; Democrats, Progressives, and Socialists
_____ thought the New Deal went too far. Some _____ did not think the New Deal went far enough.
Revenue Act of 1935; Wealth Tax Act
Wealthy people disliked Roosevelt because of the _____ or the _____ which raised taxes on the rich.
Social Security was resented by the _____.
American Liberty League; Alfred E. Smith
The _____ led by _____, a leading business leader, said the New Deal limited individual freedom.
Progressives and Socialists
_____ charged that the New Deal didn't help enough people.
Father Coughlin; nationalization
_____, who was called the "Radio Priest", was a demagogue. He was openly anti-Jewish and praised Hitler and Mussolini. He believed in _____ which was a government takeover and ownership of banks and the redistribution of wealth.
Huey Long; 1$; $5
_____ was another demagogue. He wanted to limit individual income to __ million and inheritance to __ million and then redistribute the wealth.
Some modern day critics disliked subsidies when the country needed food. They also criticized "_____" development which was paying out more money from the annual federal budget than the government receives in revenues.
pack the Supreme Court
Roosevelt lost some popularity by trying to _____ with liberal justices by raising the number of justices in office. He was later forced to drop the idea when the Republican and southern Democrats sided together.
_____- a period of slow business activity.
There was some improvement in the Depression in the mid 1930's but a _____ hit the country after Roosevelt cut some of his federal programs.
Union membership rose about 7.5 million people during the Depression and by 1935 some __ of Americans were unionized.
American Federation of Labor; Committee for Industrial Organization
The AFL stands for _____ and the CIO stands for _____.
General Motors; Frank Murphy
_____ in Flint, Michigan was shut down by a sit-down strike. President Roosevelt and MIchigan governor _____ refused to send in the militia.
The Supreme Court eventually declared sit-down strikes _____.
The Grapes of Wrath by _____ were written during the Depression.
_____ and _____ became a major source of entertainment during the Depression.
The _____ provided numerous jobs for unemployed artists, musicians, historians, theater people, and writers.
FDIC, SEC, and Social Security
Much of the New Deal legislation is still in existence today, like the _____, the _____, and _____.
World War II
Event that actually ended the Depression