Vocabulary Plus for the New SAT: Vocabulary, Reading, and Writing Exercises for High Scores (2nd Semester)

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emulate

to strive to be equal to; to imitate

sere

dry and withered

enhance

to increase the value or beauty of something

contrite

feeling regret for having committed some wrongdoing

magnanimous

noble; generous in forgiving; free from petty feelings or acts

enunciate

to state clearly and distinctly; to pronounce

collaborate

to work with another toward a goal

impound

to confine; to retain in legal custody

impeccable

faultless; without sin or blemish

evoke

to summon forth

inane

without sense or meaning; silly

unctuous

exaggeratedly or insincerely polite

expatriate

someone who chooses to live outside of, or renounce, his or her native country

frowzy

unkempt

heinous

hatefully or shockingly evil

expound

to explain in detail; to clarify

cajole

to persuade with false promises and flattery

inscrutable

not easily understood; hard to fathom

balk

to refuse stubbornly or abruptly; to stop short and refuse to go on

acrimony

ill-natured, bitter hostility

dour

stern and ill-humored

exult

to rejoice; to feel triumphant

omniscient

having unlimited knowledge; all-knowing

feasible

reasonable; capable of being carried out

fiasco

a complete, ridiculous failure

metier

the work one is especially suited for; one's specialty; an occupation

fluctuate

to rise and fall; to vary irregularly

harry

to annoy or harass

incognito

disguised; pretending not to be oneself

lethargy

lack of energy; sluggishness

epistle

a letter or literary composition in letter form

avid

enthusastic; extremely interested

gadfly

an irritating and persistent person

humility

absence of vanity; humbleness

dolorous

exhibiting sorrow or pain

gargantuan

of huge or extraordinary size or power

arduous

difficult; requiring much effort

affable

friendly; agreeable' easy to talk to

grandiloquent

pompous or high-flown in speech

agrarian

concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land

grimace

a facial expression of fear, disapproval, or pain

harangue

a long, strongly expressed speech or letter

formidable

arousing fear or awe

sycophant

a flatterer; one who fawns on others in order to gain favor

explicit

clearly and openly stated; leaving nothing to the imagination

altercation

a heated argument

lexicon

a dictionary; a specialized vocabulary

hue

a particular shade of a given color

galvanize

to startle into sudden activity

sanction

permission; support

hyperbole

extreme exaggeration for effect or not meant to be taken literary

ominous

threatening; foreboding evil

audacity

rude boldness; nerve

evince

to demonstrate clearly; to prove

implacable

unable to appeased or pacified

exhort

to urge on with stirring words

incarcerate

to put into prison; to confine

incisive

sharp; keen; cutting straight into the heart of the matter

expedient

practical; providing an immediate

pertinent

having to do with the subject at hand

inert

unable to act or move; inactive; sluggish

circumvent

to get around; to bypass

clandestine

secret

acquit

to find not guilty of a fault or crime

deprecate

to express strong disapproval of

barrister

lawyer

adulation

excessive praise or admiration

culinary

having to do with the kitchen or cooking

bawdy

indecent; humorously obscene

chastise

to punish severely

jocose

joking; humorous

myriad

a very large number

myriad

too numerous to be counted

latent

present, but not active; hidden

pernicious

destructive; deadly

frugal

thrifty; economical in money matters

levity

lightness of disposition; lack of seriousness

hoax

a practical joke; a trick

amicable

friendly; peaceable

obstreperous

aggressively boisterous; stubborn and defiant

enraptured

delighted beyond measure

marital

having to do with marriage

bask

to expose oneself to pleasant warmth

genial

friendly; amiable

charlatan

one who pretends to have knowledge in order to swindle others

mundane

commonplace; earthly and not spiritual

fickle

likely to change on a whim or without apparent reason

juggernaut

a terrible destructive or irresistible force

naive

simple in outlook; not affected or worldly; especially innocent

nocturnal

having to do with the night; occurring at night

novice

a beginner; one who is inexperienced

noxious

harmful to the health

connive

to cooperate secretly in wrongdoing

chutzpah

nerve; audacity

liege

a lord, master, or sovereign

odium

hatred

crass

coarse; tasteless

hypercritical

overcritical; too severe in judgement

fallacy

a mistaken notion; a misconception

complacent

self-satisfied; smug

befuddle

to confuse; to perplex

pandemonium

a wild disorder, noise, or confusion

parsimonious

excessively thritfy; stingy

verbose

using more words than are needed; wordy

laudable

worthy of praise; commendable

indiscreet

not wise or judicious; imprudent, as in speech or action

pique

to cause resentment; to provoke

linguistics

the scientific study of the structure, sounds, and meaning of language

plebeian

a commoner; one from the lower class

plebeian

common or vulgar

precocious

showing early development; especially mental

predatory

inclined to prey on others

prowess

superior skill or ability

pugnacious

eager and ready to fight; quarrelsome

purloin

to steal

pusillanimous

cowardly; fearful

quell

to put an end to; to allay or quiet

quixotic

very idealistic; impractical; caught up in romantic notions

rabble

a disorderly crowd, a mob

rabid

raging; fanatical

raconteur

a person skilled at telling stories

vindictive

seeking revenge; bearing a grudge

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