bio test 2

20 terms by nbeckham23 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

cellular respiration occurs in

the mitochondria of cells

cellular respiration process

sugar (glucose) is converted to ATP
glucose+O2+ADP = ATP+CO2+H2O
(ADP is "recharged" into ATP)

ATP vs ADP

ATP: triple P
ADP: double P

3 types of food molecules

Protein, Fat, Carbohydrates

Protein

chains of amino acids;
only amino acids are small enough to pass through the digestive tract and into the body

Fat

glycerol bonded to 3 fatty acids, high energy, must be broken down into the glycerol before absorption

Carbohydrates

individual/chains of simple sugar units

starch

simple sugars joined together, found in plants

glycogen

blood sugar

cellulose

cannot be broken down in the human body

digestive system

mouth, pharynx (throat), esophagus, stomach, small/large intestine, rectum

most of digestion occurs in

the small intestine

when do food molecules enter the circulatory system?

after passing through the liver

-ose

sugar

-ase

enzyme

anorexia

self-starvation

bulimia

binge eating, then ridding the body of food

why eating disorders are deadly

no energy for cellular respiration, proteins cannot be produced, heart shrinks

why does the body have so many parts and accessory glands?

because different food molecules require different breakdown steps

zyklon B

blocks cellular respiration and denies brain cells ATP

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set