inflammation of the tooth socket
brownish deposits on the tongue and the mouth's mucous membrane
practicing good oral hygiene is beneficial because
healthy teeth and gums improve overall health
Should you offer the client the opportunity to brush his or her teeth before and after each meal and in the evening?
if the gums or teeth are unusually sensitive to touch or temperature use applicators or a tongue depressor wrapped in gauze
If brushing is impossible, encourage the client to rinse the mouth with water after eating
Is it important to make sure the client will cooperate with flossing the teeth before putting your finges near the client's mouth?
Should you ask the client on admission to the healthcare facility if he or she wears dentures, has a removable bridge or retainer
Should you record presence of dentures or removable appliances in the client's chart?
Do you brush dentures in the same fashion as natural teeth?
Do must dentist encourage their clients to wear there dentures all the time?
If the client must remove dentures, never place in glasses or cups why?
client may accidentally swallow the dentures, causing choking or aspiration
What do you store dentures in?
opaque denture cups
How do you identify the denture cups or write on them?
Client name and whats in the cup
Why do you keep dentures out of sight when stored?
may embarrass the client
Should you keep dentures in water when being stored?
Why do we store dentures in water?
keep moist and to preserve their fit and general quality
Why should we check food trays after the client has eaten?
Make sure dentures were not placed on tray during the meal
If a client is constantly removing his or her dentures what could this be a sign or signs of:
dentures fit poorly causing pain
irritation or redness to the gumline
When washing dentures in the sink what should you place in the bottom of the sink and why?
to avoid breakage of the dentures should they slip out of hands
Do you remove dentures in the unconscious client?
For the client who is unresponsive oral care should be done how oftern?
The mouth of a client who is unresponsive may become dry and cracked, causing the possibility of what to happen?
portal for microorganisms to enter
Ways to prevent infection through the mouth is to what?
keep mouth, lips moist and intact
Keeping the client in a side-lying position with the head of the bed lowered and head turned to the side allows what to happen?
gravity causes saliva to run out of the mouth and prevents the client from choking and allows for suctioning
When giving mouth care, the oral mucosa is fragile and may be injured if performed to virgorously ?
Use only minimum amounts of solution when performing mouth care and make sure all is completely suctioned or drained out of the client's mouth
Tears are produced from what glands?
Tears help protect the eyes from what?
bacteria, viruses, foreign matter and lubricate the eyes
when blinking tears are washed where
So what is the path of a tear across the eye
from the lacrimal gland situated at the top and outer portion of each eye to the inner canthus of the eye
Wipe the client's eye from the inner canthus to the outer canthus?
Washing the eye from the inner canthus to the outer canthus inhibits what?
keeping microorganisms from being introduced
Do you use the same rag when cleaning the other eye?
Wax removal is usually done by irrigating the ear's outer canal with warm water?
Refusal to use a hearing aid or repeated removal of the aid usually indicates discomfort or malfunction of the device?
hearing aid behind the ear means
moderate to severe loss
hearing aid in the ear means
mild to severe loss
hearing aid in the canal
mild to moderate loss
brittle, broken, discolored nails may be due to improper diet or fever
If a client's nails are torn or jagged, clip them with a sterile nail clipper
Can scissors be used to clip nails?
Can a metal nail file be used?
Why should we not use a metal nail file?
sharp point, dangerous, never given to unsteady hands, confused, depressed, or at risk for self-injury
when is the best time to provide nail care?
when the client has been soaking hands in water
Should you clean a hearing aid with alcohol?
Can you place the hearing aid in a plastic bag with the clients name and pertinent information
Do we turn the volume completely down when inserting the aid into the client's ear?
Massage helps to promote a feeling of calmness and vitality
Hand massage is soothing and an example of therapeutic touch
Circulation improves as blood vessels dilate from the warmth of friction
Cutting a client's toenails is an intervention that usually requires a provider's order
Never cut a newborn's toenails or those of a client with diabetes or hemophilia
Thickened and raised nails can also be a sign of a fungal infection
Cutting into the corners or rounding the corners of toenails contributes to the development of ingrown toenails
massaging the palm of the clients hand helps what body system
massaging the back of the hand with thumbs helps to relieve what
massage the webbed area between the thumb and 1st finger helps
sinuses, headaches, constipation, menstrual cramps
Foot soak is of particular importance to the client who has edema, tenderness, or a foot infection
Use the sharps container for disposal of razors
excessive facial hair on women is called
Some clients prefer to shave their heads, when in the hospital for some time
African_Americans have very curly and dry hair
Hair that has been permed, relaxed, colored, or damaged has the same characteristics as curly, dry hair
A client needing a shampoo from an accident, if no scalp wounds can shampoo their hair
A product called a Shampoo Cap is available and is very handy for the client who cannot get out of bed for a shampoo
Everyone's face, underarms, skin folds, and perineal area need daily cleaning
Are body fluids, such as perspiration, vomitus, urine, and feces acidic in nature and harmful to skin?
The backrub provides relaxation and comfort
Backrub is given as part of the bathing process and in the evening?
stroke in the direction of venous return to the body towards the heart
pressing on muscle groups or single muscles, picking them up and squeezing gently
light tapping with the edge of the hands to stimulate circulation
rubbing around the bony prominences of the client's body, end of the spine and along each shoulder blade
lightly touching the skin with the fingertips
moving the skin with cupped palms, causing it to shake or quiver
lice eggs are called
head lice another name
crab lice found on the hairy body parts of the pubic are all called
Lice spread by clothing, bedding, and combs and brushes
Scabies is a common contagious condition caused by the...
scabies causes intense itching, usually occurs in warm, protected areas of the body
When teaching the client about oral hygiene, the nurse should include the following
Oral hygiene improves food taste
Which of the following clients would need hourly oral hygiene?
An unresponsive client
When providing eye care, which approach should the nurse take?
Cleanse from the inner to outer canthus
The nurse is caring for a client with poor eyesight. Which action is appropriate when shaving the client?
Assist the client with shaving
Which information is most important for the nurse to obtain prior to bathing a client?
A nurse should encourage clients to brush their teeth by placing the bristles at a 90 degree angle to the teeth
False 45 degree angle
Flossing removes debris that could cause tooth decay and offensive breath odor
Thickened and raised nails can be a sign of a bacterial infection
False caused by a fungal infection
Some oral conditions cause infection or pain in other body parts
Scabies is a common contagious condition caused by Pediculosis capitis
False caused by the itch mite
Body lice another name
________are the eggs of lice, which look like solid specks found on hairy body parts
A product called a Shampoo___is very handy for clients who cannot get out of bed for a shampoo
A hand massage is an example of ____touch, providing a connection between the client and nurse
Tears are produced by the _____glands, which are situated at the top and outer portion of each eye
The ____ bath is a special type of bath used for a client after rectal surgery and sometimes after childbirth
Infection by lice
Brownish deposits on tongue
Inflammation of tooth sockets
Light tapping with the edge of the hands farthest from the thumb
Rubbing around the bony prominences at the end of the spine and along the shoulder blades
Picking up and squeezing muscle groups or single muscles
Stroking in the direction of venous circulation in a circular motion
dental caries are also called
another name for fragile skin
perineal care is bathing the genitalia and surrounding area
another word for perineal care is
Water temperature for a foot soak should be
95 - 100 Fahrenheit
Soak feet in basin for approximately 10 - 20 minutes
Shampoo Cap is removed from the outer package and mircrowaved for 30 seconds?
Massage the head for approximately 1-3 minutes depending upon length of hair
Water temperature for bed shampoo is 95 - 100 Fahrenheit
Bathroom's temperature should be warmer then the normal room temperature
Water temperature for a bed bath is between 100 - 105 Fahrenheit
secretions that have accumulated in the uncircumcised male
Is shaving cream useful in removing fecal matter and soothing the skin of the anus
Three types of cleansing baths
partial bed baths
A bed bath is the least tiring for the client but is only indicated when the client is unable to leave the bed
Scabies is contagious