High Priest that wanted to purify the entire nation of any paganism, so he ordered the people to be circumcised or leave (everyone did it almost over night); he also destroyed the Samaritan Temple
Successor of John Hyrcanus that proclaimed himself king; the prophecy is fulfilled (Israel was whole again and a King was reigning in Jerusalem)
Followers of the Lettter of the Law, not the Spirit of the Law; Perushim means "the Separated" in Hebrew; Prominent scholars who thought it best to build a wall around themselves in order to stay faithful and pure so they could not associate with Gentiles; they thought the Torah was not enough so they added other rituals and customs
Followers of the Spirit of the Law, not the Letter of the Law; Heirs of Zadok (who was Solomon's priest) who were supposed to be priests in Jerusalem forever; Thought it best to cooperate with the Gentiles in order to attain peace; Had more governmental power than the Pharisees (although the Jewish community revered them); Believed only Moses's books were canonical; No afterlife or resurrection; angels or spirits, or interpretations or additions to the law
believed to have withdrawn completely from the world and from political activity to prepare for the imminent coming of God; moved near Dead Sea and rejected Aristobulus as king because he was a Levite; they had a simple lifestyle
Who becomes the new Superpower?
The Roman Empire
Herod "the Great"
Murdered 3 of his sons; Tried to keep the Romans happy; Built a bigger and better temple than Solomon so he would look Jewish, but he wasn't: this was good because many Pilgrims came to see it and brought money so the economy was good; Had the title "the Great" not because he was a good person but because of his economic accomplishments; His son, Herod Anitpas, ruled during Jesus's ministry
Herod "the Great's" son; ruled during Jesus's ministry
Why did God send his Son into the world when he did? Explain Galatians 4:4-5. "Time had fully come," why?
So we could become adopted sons of God, "His sons/ adopted sons". During the Pax Romana, a peaceful time in Rome, so people were thinking. We are set free by Christ.
What was the religion of the Roman Empire?
Religion to the Romans was like trade, you give some and get some: but God does not rely on people to give Him anything, He freely gives it to us, any further belief was "superstitious"; As long as the people followed a few simple rules, they were free to worship whoever they wanted, the Romans even paid tribute to the gods of the lands they conquered: Caesar Augustus even offered sacrifices in the Temple of Jerusalem; Rome was soon filled with many temples from many foreign Gods
Philosophers were asking what kinds of questions?
Many philosophers did not believe in the Roman or Greek gods, but by reason came to the conclusion that there was only one God (without revolution); They helped prepare the way for Jesus; They started asking "What's the meaning of life?" "Why are we here?" "How can we get to heaven?" "How can we be forgiven?"
Proselytes of the Gate
Gentile converts; Not circumcised; Followers of the Scripture; Went to worship at synagogue; Many of them became Christians; They understood Scriptures and how Jesus fulfilled them
Area that was previously the Northern Kingdom of Israel; Poor and honest people (thought of as Peasants); Could tell them apart because of their accent
Explain how the NT does not replace but fulfills the OT
The OT prepares our hearts, full of unfulfilled promises that the NT fulfils, the NT reaveals God's plan of salvation; NT is hidden in the OT
Give examples of how "the NT is hiddin in the Old and the OT is revealed in the New"
Psalm 22: Crucifixion; Isaac: Christ on the cross; Isaiah 53: suffering servant (Joseph); in the OT, there are types of Christ that forshadow the Messiah in the new
What is the NT organization?
-Law (The Four Gospels): new Torah that follows the story of the founding of the Church, like the Torah was for Israel
-History (The Acts of the Apostles): Gives the History from the Ascension of Jesus
-Wisdom (The Epistles): Tells us how to live as Christians
-Prophecy (The Revelation to John): Connects with the OT using symbols and images
The Four Evangelists
the Gospel writers: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John
(Levi) a tax collector and Apostle who wrote his Gospel to Jewish Christians in Hebrew in circa 50 AD; he wantd to prove to the Jews that Jesus is the Messiah promised and announced in the OT
a disciple of St. Peter who wrote his Gospel to Roman Christians (Gentiles) experiencing persecution in circa 60 AD; wanted to prove that Jesus is the leader of the New Exodus
a physician who got details from John and Mary who wrote his Gospel to Gentiles in 67-70 to show the details of place and history of Jesus's life. It is the only Gospel to include the Annunciation and Visitation.
the beloved "disciple" who wrote to all Christians between 90-100 AD to show the divinity of Christ; sign is Eagel (he did an overview of the Scriptures not in them)
What is the connection between the Acts of the Apostles and the Gospel of Luke?
The Acts of the Apostles is the sequel to Luke (Luke wrote both)