Scottish; Minister; went to research central africa; never came back; found dead on the shores of lake langeanyilea;
American; reporter; found Livingstone; Signed treaties with chiefs of Congo River Valley for Leopold II of Belgium
Shaka (Shaka Zulu)
Zulu chief; used warriors & military organization to create centralized state;
King Leopold II
King of Belgium; Controlled Congo River Valley lands; Motive ti abolish slavery;
Ottoman Sultan; Power in 1789; Overthrown; Movements temporarily abandoned; Attempted to modernize army;
Sent by ottomans but soon broke away; gained control of Syria and Arabia; granted the right for his heirs to be rulers of Egypt;
Grandson of Muhammad; supported building a suez canal; reform efforts almost bankrupt the country;
King of siam; tried to modernize siam; started schools, reformed legal system, reorganized government; abloished slavery; culture remained stable, free from outside control;
Leader of Filipino nationalist; claimed US promised independence; nationalists declared independence, established Philippine Republic;
Ram Mohan Roy
Know as the "Father of Modern India"; Campaigned to move India from traditional ideas/practices;
US vs Spain in Cuba & Philippines; less than 3 months; resulted in Cuba's independence & US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, & Philippines;
President of US; , president during Spanish American War; assassinated;
Hawaian ruler; called constitution to restore power back to Hawaii; Removed from power in 1893;
Wealthy plantation owner; President of New Republic of Hawaii; asked US to annex Hawaii;
English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War
region in southwest russia on the black sea
a Muslim empire that lasted from the early 1400s until after WWI
Crops grown for a profit
"White man's Burden"
idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized
the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
the policy or practice of treating or governing people in the manner of a father dealing with his children
independent but less developed nation that is controlled by private business interests rather than by other govts.
Sphere of Influence
Area in which outside power claims investment or trading privileges;
Country/territory with own internal government but under control of outside power;
Country/region governed internally by a foreign power;
Boer vs. Britain for control of territory in Africa
Dutch colonists moving north to escape in South Africa during 1830s
Dutch farmers; took over Africa's land and established large farms
Berlin Conference (1845-1885)
agreement among 14 European nations; claim required telling other nations and proving control; only Liberia and Ethiopia were independent of European control;
invented in 1889; 1st automatic machine gun
Evolution within society
Strong nations seek to dominate
Aglo-Persian Oil Company
British corporation; Developed Persia's rich oil fields;
the study of the relationship between geography and politics
a war in Crimea between Russia and a group of nations including England and France and Turkey and Sardinia
a ship canal in northeastern Egypt linking the Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea
a theocratic islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled most of India during the period of imperialism. This company controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years.
"Jewel in the Crown"
Name given to India, because it was the most valuable of all British colonies
An Indian soldier serving under British command.
Sparked by false rumors that the rifles that the sepoys used were lubricated with the fat of pigs and cattle, the sepoys revolted. Britain eventually suppressed the rebellion.
British dominion over India (1757-1947)
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor.
an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations
Region of northeastern India. It was the first part of India to be conquered by the British in the eighteenth century and remained the political and economic center of British India throughout the nineteenth century.(812)
an economic and social region including the country's surrounding the pacific ocean
Dutch East Indies Company
Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in Asia; acted as virtually independent government in regions it claimed.
a peninsula in Southeast Asia that includes Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos
McKinley Tariff Act
Act to protect industrialists from foreign competition this raised tariffs to an all time high peacetime rates
the formal act of acquiring something (especially territory) by conquest or occupation