World War 2

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German word for lightening war. All and out attack with constant explosions from the air and land.

Blitzkrieg

Period after the Germans invade Poland and the British and French declare war on Germany, but where nothing happens in 1939 (Beginning of WWII)

Phoney War

British statesman and leader during World War II

Winston Churchill

a city in northern France on the North Sea where in World War II (1940) 330,000 Allied troops had to be evacuated from the beaches at Dunkirk in a desperate retreat under enemy fire

Dunkirk

This aging leader of France accepted defeat to the Germans, which allowed him to keep a very small portion of the south of France to himself under the puppet government of Vichy France

Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain

Ruler of the Vichy in southern france during WWII. He believed the collaborating with germany was the best way to survive.

Pierre Laval

Southern Pro-Nazi French; govern themselves as loyal to nazis; traitors to the Free French in N. France

Vichy France

French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)

Charles de Gaulle

name for Hitler's plan to invade Britain by both air and sea but it never happened

Operation Sea Lion

Royal Air Force. Britain's air force.

Royal Air Force [RAF]

UK stood alone against Germany. German Luftwaffe bombed UK to "soften" it for invasion and break moral "the Blitz" London nightly bombings It was the continuous bombing.

Battle of Britain [the "Blitz"]

The speech was said by Winston Churchill, when he first became the prime minister at the beginning of WW2, to cheer people and give hope to them

This was their finest hour!

British city that was bombed as part of the German air war. Most of air war was not successful but Germans were able to destroy Coventry. Main attack was on November 14, 1940. Importance of this attack was that it gave Britain a reason to launch a new type of attack on Germany where they would use area bombings to target whole cities instead of using precision bombings. British had Coventry in mind when they bombed Dresden.

Coventry

Winston Churchill's speech at the Battle of Britain. He meant that the whole population (so many) owed so much to so few (the pilots) who saved England from Hitler.

Never have so many owed so much to so few!

German's air force

Luftwaffe

codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.

Operation Barbarossa

32nd US President - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression, and he was the nation's leader during most of WWII

Franklin D. Roosevelt

date (month, day, year) of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Addressed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt after the attack of the Pearl Harbor. It was simply an asking for declaration of war of Japanese.

A date that will live in infamy!

City in Russia, site of a Red Army victory over the Germany army in 1942-1943. The Battle of ______ was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union. Today Volgograd. (bad weather and diseases forced them to retreat)

Stalingrad

bombed ____ with fire bombs causing fire tornadoes, ruined entire city

Dresden bombings

A German general who rose to fame as commander of the Axis forces fighting the British in North Africa

General Erwin Rommel

the corps-level headquarters controlling the German Panzer divisions in Libya and Egypt during the North African Campaign of World War II; the term is commonly used to refer to the headquarters plus its attached combat units.

Afrikakorps

Stops Germany from getting Suez Canal - North Africa turning point. The victory went to the British

Battle of El Alamein

British general who led a successful counter-campaign against General Rommel in North Africa

General Bernard Montgomery

led the Allied invasion of North African and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge

General Dwight D. Eisenhower

Was the name given to the Allied invasion of French North Africa in November 1942. It was the first time the British and Americans had jointly worked on an invasion plan together.

Operation Torch

April 1942, American soldiers were forced to march 65 miles to prison camps by their Japanese captors. It is called the Death March because so may of the prisoners died en route.

Bataan Death March

He was one of the most-known American military leaders of WW2(He liberated the Phillipines and made the Japanese surrender at Tokyo in 1945, also he drove back North Korean invaders during the Korean War)

General Douglas MacArthur

Words of General Douglas MacArthur in 1942 as he left the Philippine Islands during World War II.

I shall return!

A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia. Americans sank and damaged Japanese carriers and aircrafts.

Battle of the Coral Sea

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.

Battle of Midway

a 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which allied troops drove Japanese forces from the pacific island of Guadalcanal. It was the first time that the Americans clearly seen that it was really difficult to drive Japanese out off the Pacific Islands.

Battle of Guadalcanal

U.S. strategy of controlling weak island for future attacks on larger islands.

island-hopping

A propaganda character designed to increase production of female workers in the factories. It became a rallying symbol for women to do their part.

Rosie the Riveter

German Nazi architect who worked for Hitler (1905-1981). He was responsible for most of the ornate building designs that promoted Hitler and the Nazi Party

Albert Speer

systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

Genocide

also known as the angel of death. He was a physical who conducted cruel and painful medical experiments on prisoners at Auschwitz. These procedures were ofter performed without anesthesia.

Dr. Josef Mengele

Major German corporation using many slave laborers, They made a deal with Nazis to give them chemical

I. G. Farben

gas used to kill jews in gas chambers

Zyklon-B

1942 conference in Germany concerning the plan to murder European Jews. Organized the Final Solution or the Holocaust

Wannsee Conference

Military unit of the Nazi. They are royal to Hitler more than any regular army and responsible for running the concentration camp.

Waffen SS

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler. Killing lots of people at once.

Holocaust

a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II

Auschwitz

translates to work will liberate (work makes your free)- The Nazis had this saying over many entrances to concentration camps

Arbeit Macht Frei!

a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic

Free French

A village in polandCzechoslovakia) . Reinhard Heydrich was shot there on May 27, 1942 by jew. June 10, 1942 nazis destroyed village and put a field in its place and took its name off map.

Lidice

allies during WWII; Soviet Union - Stalin, United Kingdom - Churchill, United States - Roosevelt

Big Three

January 1943 conference between FDR and Churchill that produces Unconditional Surrender of the Axis Power

Casablanca Conference

Meeting in 1943; Stalin, Roosevelt, Churchill; confirmed their defense to crush Hitler.

Teheran Conference

Allied troops stopped by German defense line/ Polish troops wanted to get revenge/broke defense line to attack Germany. The Allies won.

Battle of Monte Cassino

D-Day (date)

June 6, 1944

Codename of the first day of the Operation Overlord.
Turning point of war in Europe, British, American, and Canadian Forces stormed the beaches of NW France and set France free

D-Day

It's the slang name for German V1 and V2 rockets launched over Britain in the final stages of WW2. So named because they had very noisy engines and coud be heard from miles away.

Buzz bombs

Took control of American Army in North Africa after Tunisia defeat. Began to defeat Germans and Italians

General George Patton

last German offensive against the invading allies, Germany lost. The Allies drove Germans back to the starting point

Battle of the Bulge

FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War

Yalta Conference

a neutral space created by the withdrawal of both hostile parties. It serves to prevent conflict.

Buffer zone

Stands for Victory In Europe, when the Germans surrendered on May 8, 1945

V-E Day

President of US after the death of FDR. He was responsible for making the decision to drop the bomb and SAVE lives by shortening the war in the Pacific.

Harry Truman

City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)

Hiroshima

site of 2nd Atomic Bomb, killing 40,000+ Japanease citizens

Nagasaki

Victory over Japan. The Allies announced the surrender of Japanese forces during World War II.

V-J Day

Date of V-J Day, when MacArthur accepts Japanese surrender off of the Missouri

September 2, 1945

British statesman and leader of the Labour party who instituted the welfare state in England (1883-1967)

Clement Attlee

removing all traces of Nazism in Germany.

de-nazification

The Nuremberg trials were international military tribunals held after WWII in from 1946 onwards, which tried accused Nazi war criminals for crimes against humanity.

Nuremberg Wars Crimes Tribunals

The common name for the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held in New Hampshire, 44 nations at war with the Axis powers met to create a world bank to stabilize international currency, increase investment in under-developed areas, and speed the economic recovery of Europe.

Bretton Woods Conference

An international organization of 183 countries, established in 1947 with the goal of promoting cooperation and exchange between nations, and to aid the growth of international trade.

International Monetary Fund [IMF]

a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments

World Bank

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