a board of 5 chief officials (ephors) that formed part of the government in Sparta. They made sure the kings kept to their oaths.
land granted by a lord to a vassal in exchange for loyalty and service
A knight who promised to support a lord in exchange for land
a person who lived on and farmed a lords land in feudal times
rich soil carried by flooding rivers
different crops that have a symbiotic relationship are grown at the same time on a plot (nitrogen-using grain grown with nitrogen fixing legume)
A type of agriculture in which two or three crops are raised each year on the same land
15th century invention most responsible for allowing a wide range of people to read and share ideas of their own in a relatively short period of time.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
system in which Europeans brought goods to Africa in return for enslaved people, that were shipped across the Atlantic to the Americas