-most famous for Moby Dick
-famous for the Brothers Karamazov, notes from the underground and crime and punishment.
-imprisoned and sentenced to death for his political affiliations
-known for the novel, the confessions of Nat Turner
-became depressed, but recovered
biblical symbolism of Billy Bud
-captain vere-associated with pointius pilate. the man who persisted over Jesus' trial and ordered his crucification
Millville's view of human nature
thinks injustice is inherent in human life (life isn't fair). Believes there is evil in the world that often triumphs the good.
billy buds character
represents those that are ignorant but good natured
represents the character that is naturally evil
calculated rational analysis and impulsive response driven by natural feelings
captain vere admits that we naturally feel billy budd is innocent before god, but he argues that they must do what is rational and logically prudent. they must set aside the feelings, and preside with their reason.
God is taken to be
-omnipotent (all powerful)
-omniscient (all knowing)
-all loving (all good)
he thinks that these characteristics of a creator are inconsistant with a creation of a world in which their is evil or senseless suffering. he thinks
1)there is no god
2)if there is a God, he is not all loving
attempts to reconcile this inconsistency
1)the need for contract between good and evil
2)free will evil is an unfortunate consequence of the free will god has granted
3)mans limited intelligence
-represents rational/philosophical doubt of religion.
-he is similar to the german philosopher Fredrick Nietzsche
-also parallels albert Campus, who is famous for deeming life "absurd"
-dont receive responsibility as longa s your not an active participant
-"negative responsibility" (equally responsible)