A lobbying technique that tries to create an impression of grassroots support for an issue when that support does not really exist.
A group of people with common goals who attempt to influence policymakers and legislation.
Efforts to influence policymakers regarding legislation.
political action committee (PAC)
An organization formed to collect money and donate it to candidates or political parties.
An economic system in which the means of production are privately owned and competitive free markets determine prices, production, and the distribution of goods.
An election that realigns parties' ideologies and their ability to attract voters.
All those eligible to vote in elections.
A temporary alliance of disparate groups working on mutually beneficial legislation.
Wide range of programs, including Social Security and unemployment insurance, sponsored by Franklin Roosevelt from 1933 to 1941 to alleviate the worst economic effects of the Great Depression.
Official statement of the policies, positions, and principles of a party.
An organization that supports candidates in order to gain political power and ensure that its positions and philosophy become policy.
Political and economic system characterized by government ownership of the means of production and distribution of goods and services. Socialism strives to produce relative income equality.
A person who authorizes another to act on his or her behalf. Voters are the constituents of their elected representatives.
Contract with America
Platform written by Newt Gingrich and other top Republicans in 1994 intended to help elect Republican candidates to Congress. Among its provisions, the contract called for a line-item veto and congressional term limits.
Money contributed directly to candidates or national party organizations for campaigns. These contributions are legally limited and must be reported.
The present holder of an office.
Legislation that allowed the president to veto a specific part of a spending bill rather than the entire bill, as had previously been the case. The Supreme Court declared the line-item veto unconstitutional in Clinton v. City of New York (1998).
1879-1935, American humorist and actor known for his homespun philosophies of life and politics.
Money contributed to political parties that cannot be used to endorse candidates directly. Under the Federal Election Campaign Act, this money does not have to be reported.