Power rests with citizens who have the right to vote to select their leaders.
Aristocratic landowners who held most of the power.
Common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up the majority of the population
Tribunes were plebeians who protected the rights of the plebeians.
Aristocratic branch of Rome's government.
A leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army. Ex. Julius Caesar
Roman soldiers were organized into legions. Legions were made up of some 5,000 soldiers (infantry)
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Military strategist who wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat.
Roman general who admired Hannibal and eventually defeated Hannibal and his forces.
Conflict between people within the same country.
Dictator who brought peace and order to Rome.
Made up of Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey.
A group of three rulers.
One who has total power.
Made up of Octavian (Augustus), Lepidus, and Mark Antony.
Professional fighters who fought to death in public contests.
City in North Africa, ruled by the Phoenicians.
City on the Italian Penninsula, center of the Roman civilization.
Present-day France and Province of the Roman Republic/Empire.