New Ideas and Inventions

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Lesson 4

a section of water is held by two gates

lock

a himan made waterway that connects bodies of water

canal

What did the National Road to

it helped ship goods east , connecting Maryland and present day West Virginia

What offered faster and cheaper transportation

boats

The Erie Canal linked thge Great Lakes to

the Atlantic

The canal halped NY be a

center of trade

The canal was replaced by

the steam engine

American inventor who used steam engine to power his boat

Robert Fulton

locomotives, also known as

railroad engines

Who built the first American locomotive

Peter Cooper

new inventions and forms of transportation that allowed people to use machines instead of tools to make large quantities of goods was called

The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution began in

Britain

a British mill worker who memorized every detail the complicated machines and sneaked aboard a ship to the US

Samuel Slater

Who along with Slater built the first American textile mill in Pawtucket Rhode ISland?

Moses Brown

Who built a mill in Waltham, Massachusetts?

Francis Cabot Lowell

Who invented a cotton gin?

Eli Whitney

a machine that removed seeds from cotton

cotton gin

parts that exactly alike

interchangeable parts

What made mass production possible?

interchangeable parts

Who invented a mechannical reaper for harvesting grain?

Cyrus Mc Cormick

Who invented a strong steel plow to cut through the heavy soil in the Midwest?

John Deere

Who invented the telegraph?

Samuel F.B. Morse

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