the policy or action of using vigorous campaigning to bring about political or social change.
A form of direct democracy practiced in some parts of the United States, where citizens can propose legislative measures to be voted on via referenda at the next election of elected representatives.
Caucus (local party)
a meeting of supporters or members of a political party or movement for the purpose of discussing and, ideally, agreeing on a course of action.
Campaign finance reform
the common term for the political effort in the United States to change the involvement of money in politics, primarily in political campaigns.
the contestant you hope to defeat
a primary in which only registered members of a particular political party can vote
the tendency for a popular political party leader to attract votes for other candidates of the same party in an election
In open primary elections in the United States, crossover voting refers to a behavior in which voters who normally participate in the primary of one party instead vote in the primary of another party
a form of democracy and a theory of civics in which sovereignty is lodged in the assembly of all citizens who choose to participate.
One of the political parties that emerged from the demise of the Democratic-Republican Party. Members of the Democratic Party adopted the belief that a strong federal government would weaken and not respect the rights of the states and the people. Andrew Jackson was the first Democratic president.
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice president
527 campaign committees
created primarily to influence the nomination, election, appointment or defeat of candidates for public office.
is governmental intervention in the workforce that recognizes difference but ensures that women are treated fairly (ie, laws may treat women and men differently under certain circumstances). Compare this concept with legal equality doctrine.
a United States politician favored mainly in his or her home state
a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)
the tendency, which has become apparent in recent years, for states to move their primaries and caucuses forward, in an attempt to be among the first states holding a nominating contest.
a competitor thought likely to win
A measurable difference between the behaviors of men and women
a national or state election; candidates are chosen in all constituencies
a form of boundary delimitation (redistricting) in which electoral district or constituency boundaries are deliberately modified for electoral purposes, thereby producing a contorted or unusual shape
is money used for political action, which comes from the voluntary contributions of union members. This money is kept in a segregated fund, which is non-interest bearing. It is used for endorsement of federal candidates exclusively and should be forwarded to the CWA-COPE PCC.
the existing holder of a political office.
provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote (plebiscite) on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment or ordinance
a social group whose members control some field of activity and who have common aims; "the iron interests stepped up production"
efers to the government practice of testing the literacy of potential citizens at the federal level, and potential voters at the state level.
a form of advocacy with the intention of influencing decisions made by legislators and officials in the government by individuals, other legislators, constituents, or Advocacy groups.
someone who is employed to persuade legislators to vote for legislation that favors the lobbyist's employer
McCain-Feingold Act (Shays-Meehan)
The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (BCRA, McCain-Feingold Act, , ) is United States federal law that amended the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971, which regulates the financing of political campaigns. Its chief sponsors were Senators Russell Feingold (D-WI) and John McCain (R-AZ).
refers to the bias of journalists and news producers within the mass media, in the selection of which events and stories are reported and how they are covered.
Motor Voter Act of 1993
required state governments to allow for registration when a qualifying voter applied for or renewed their driver's license or applied for social services.
National nominating conventions
a convention held every four years by each of the major political parties to nominate a presidential candidate.
an approach to advertising that focuses on negative aspects of a rival product or candidate; also called negative advertisement
When the units of a sample are chosen so that each unit in the population does not have a calculable non-zero probability of being selected in the sample.
One who does not vote; One who is not eligible to vote
a primary in which any registered voter can vote (but must vote for candidates of only one party)
This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s)
A tendency of reporting to become homogeneous due to the reporters' habit of relying on one another for news tips or being dependent on a single source for information
When a large portion of the electorate abandons it's previous party affiliation.
a political term to describe a voter's underlying allegiance to a political party. The term was first used in the United States in the 1950s, but use of the term has decreased in usage as the process of party dealignment has accelerated.
a list of the actions which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said party's candidates voted into office.
the coming to power of a new coalition, replacing an old dominant coalition of the other party
The political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.
a single-winner voting system often used to elect executive officers or to elect members of a legislative assembly which is based on single-member constituencies.
Political Action Committee (PAC)
committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
a disciplined political organization in which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of a corps of supporters (usually campaign workers), who receive rewards for their efforts
a political organization that typically seeks to attain and maintain political power within government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns, educational outreach or protest actions.
a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen
a legal term related to censorship in the United States referring to government actions that prevent communications from reaching the public. Its main use is to keep materials from being published.
Public interest group
Non-profit and usually voluntary organization whose members have a common cause for which they seek to influence public policy, without seeking political control.
the selection of a random sample; each element of the population has an equal chance of been selected
Reagan Democrat is an American political term used by political analysts to denote traditionally Democratic voters, especially white working-class Northerners, who defected from their party to support Republican President Ronald Reagan in both the 1980 and 1984 elections.
a new apportionment (especially a new apportionment of congressional seats in the United States on the basis of census results)
method of election in which voters can oust an elected official before his official term has ended.
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
an anti-apartheid political party that existed for just five months in 1975 and is one of the predecessor parties to the Democratic Alliance.
United States political faction that advocates social and political conservativism, school prayer, and federal aid for religious groups and schools
The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S. political spectrum and is considered center-right, in contrast to the more center-left Democrats.
A nonpartisan blanket primary (also known as a Louisiana primary or Jungle Primary) is a primary election in which all candidates for elected office run in the same primary regardless of political party.
A safe seat is a seat in a legislative body (e.g., Congress, Parliament, City Council) which is regarded as fully secured, either by a certain political party, the incumbent representative personally or a combination of both.
Is the statistical term used to describe the effect that errors, due to change, can have on results based on survey sampling. An error in survey work does not necessarily mean that something is wrong.
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
when you vote for candidates from different parties in the same election. This kind of voting can be used as a form of tactical voting in countries (such as the United States) dominated by two parties where a voter is not a wholehearted supporter of either party
an informal term commonly used for some of the delegates to the Democratic National Convention, the presidential nominating convention of the United States Democratic Party.
In the United States, Super Tuesday, in general, refers to the Tuesday in February or March of a presidential election year when the greatest number of states hold primary elections to select delegates to national conventions at which each party's presidential candidates are officially nominated
legal restriction that limits the number of terms a person may serve in a particular elected office.
used in the United States for a political party other than one of the two major parties (Democratic Party and Republican Party). It also includes independents and write in candidates.
a form of party system where two major political parties dominate voting in nearly all elections, at every level. As a result, all, or nearly all, elected offices end up being held by candidates endorsed by one of the two major parties.
The set of all the units from which a sample is drawn. Also called Sample Population.
Issues on which most voters and candidates share the same opinion
the total number of voters who participated
It's where the winner of the primary or electoral college vote takes all of the state's convention or electoral college delegates.