steep U-shaped valleys that connect to the sea and that filled with seawater after the glaciers melt
hills or very low mountains that may also contain mesas and high plateaus
central plateau of Spain
partially decayed plant matter found in bogs
North Atlantic Drift
a current of warm water from the tropics
a cold, dry wind from the north
a hot, steady south wind that blows from North Africa across the Mediterranean Sea into Southern Europe
land that is reclaimed by diking and draining
structures that are used to control the sea's destructive impact on human life
those seaworks include dikes and high earthen platforms
an arm of the north sea that is now a freshwater lake
another name for Zuider Zee
a political unit made up of a city and its surrounding lands
a government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their name
a series of wars to take Palestine from the Muslims
began in the Italian city-states, was a time of renewed intrest in learning and the arts that lasted from the 14th through 16th centuries
structures that carry water for long distances
Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg
a period when many Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant churches
political system in which powerful lords owned most of the land
the belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share land, culture, and history
a program of mass murder of European Jews and othe minorities.
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden
a representative lawmaking body whose members are elected or appointed
The section of Scotland between Glasgow and Edinburgh has many high-tech companies (which use silicon computer chips)
a common currency that people have mixed feelings baout adopting in the EU
a place where various cultures cross paths
refers to a process of a region breaking up into small, mutually hostile units
nations dominated by another country
industrie make the goods consumers want to buy
produced by rural people with traditional lifestyles instead of by professional artists
discrimination against Jewish people
Serbian leader that tried to increase Serbia's power over the rest of Yugoslavia.
Slavic people migrated from Poland to Russia and settled in the Balkan Peninsula in the 500s
The policy of trying to eliminate an ethnic group through violence
In 2000, the Yougoslav people elected a reform leader as president
European Enviornmental Agency
provides the EU with reliable information about the enviornment
very small particles of liquid or solid matter
a brown haze that occurs when the gases released by burning fossil fuels react with sunlight to create hundreds of harmful chemicals
a form of oxygen that causes health problems
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