History of the World
|International Politics||the relations between different actors in the world, the characteristics of those relations and their consequences|
|State||a territorial entity controlled by government and inhabited by population. Exerciese soverignty.|
|Nation||groups of people who share a sense of national identity(usually language,culture, and history)|
|Nation-State||states that consist of one predominant nation|
|Peloponision War|| -War between Athens and Sparta. |
-Significance: Athens became a less strong city state. While Spartans became more powerful in Greece. Ended the powerful age of Greece.
|thucydidus||war and peace between states depend on power|
|reformation|| -1517 significant political development in modern European history|
-Rise of merchant class, new technology: printing press, improvements in engineering.
|feudalism||political, economic, and social system where power is through land|
|renaissaince||Formation of Italian city-states, Milan, Venice, Florence.|
|Peace of Westphalia|| -set principle of sovereignty after thirty year war(state has political authority over its territory)|
-Significance: established nation-states. separation of church and state. beginning of current sovereign state system.
|Thirty years war|| -series of political and religious wars. |
-led to modern day Germany, catholics v. Lutherans.
|French revolution||-led to democracy and nationalism.|
|Levee en masse||-men able to fighting during revolutionary wars.|
|Council of Vienna|| -treaty that ends Napoleonic wars.|
-redrew European map, restored international stability, and reinforced sovereignty.
|Concert of Europe|| -balance of power between Europe: Britian, Austria, Prussia, and Russia. |
-Significance: relative peace, no wars between major powers
|nationalism|| -nation is basic political unit. |
-Significance:unification wars, breakdown of empires, decolonization in latin America and carribean.
|colonialism|| -one country controls another country or territory|
-Significance:lead to nationalist movements and wars. state competition.
|triple alliance||germany, austro-hugary, ottoman empire. italy until 1915|
|triple entente||Britain, France, Russia. Italy after 1915|
|Treaty of Versailles|| -Treaty after world war 1|
-Significance: Germany had to pay a big price. new countries. rise of U.S power.
|Fascism|| -extreme militant nationalism. intensified nationalism. |
-Significance: Italy-Mussolini, Germany-Nazi party and Hitler. Political authoritarian.
|Munich Crisis|| -for nazi germany to annex area of Czechoslovakia|
-Significance:arranged without agreement or voice of Czechoslovakia
|appeasement|| avoiding war by making concessions to another power|
-Significance:country's will back up stronger country's even if they are doing wrong. ex: nazi germany and Britain(chamberlain)
|nazi-soviet non-aggression pact||-pact that that they would remain neutral if a third party attacked either nation.|
|Marshall plan||plan for countries of Europe.|
|bretton woods system(postwar)|| -established commercial and financial relations between major industrial states. reduced tariffs for trading. world bank. |
-Significance:created relations and pact between states.
|Cold War|| -period of hostility between U.S and soviet union(1946-1991)|
-Significance: economic instability in country's. cooperation needed to solve global economic crisis. civil wars, and terrorism.
|Decolonization|| -After world war II.|
-Significance:created many challenges.... borders, poverty, multinational countries.