Carbs

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31 terms

Triglycerides have 3

Ester linkages

Triglycerides linkages are between

glycerol and fatty acids

A mostly saturated triglyceride

Is a solid at room temperature, known as a fat

A mostly unsaturated triglyceride

Is a liquid at room temperature, known as an oil

Hydrogenate

The process of saturating a triglyceride, turning an oil to a semi solid

Oxidize a Triglyceride

gives you its four components

Cis Bonds

Are what triglycerides are found in nature

Phosphoaclyglycerols lipids

Have 5 structural components

Phosphoaclyglycerols have

2 fatty acid bonds and a phosphoric acid attached to a amino alcohol

Choline

HO-C-C-N(CH3)3 Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol

Ethanolomine

HO-C-C-N Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol

Serine

HO-C-C(COH(O))-N Amine group that attaches to a phophoaclyglycerol

Letchithins

Found in cell membranes, chloline attached to the phosphoric acid on a phophoaclyglycerol

phosphoacylglycerols can be found in

the heart, liver, brain

The two fatty acid chains make up the

non polar part of the cell membrane

Cereboside

A sphigolipid that has a monosaccharide attached as the additional component (usually glucose or galactose)

Ganglioside

A sphingolipid that has an oligiosaccharide, 2-7 sugar units, attached as the additional component

glycolipids

Another name for a cereboside or ganglioside

Steroids

Lipids made up of 3 six membered rings and one 5 membered ring

Chloresterol

most abundent steroid in the body, essential part of all cell membranes, building block for many horomones, needed for synthesis of Vitamin D and bile acids, liver makes about 1 gram a day

Chylomicrons

this lipoprotein carries the triacylglycerols from digestion

LDL

(Low Density Lipoprotein) Transports chloresterol from the liver to the cells

HDL

(High Density Lipoprotein) Transports chloresterol from the cells to the liver to be turned into bile and excreted

A decrease of the cells to take up

LDL causes chloresterol build ups

Too much LDL made in the

Liver causes chloresterol build ups

Desmosterolosis

Characterized by increased desmosterol, decreased cholesterol, profound microcephaly, clubfoot/hand malformations, and submucous cleft palate

Bile Salts

chloresterol oxidation products

Good emulsifying agents

Bile Salts

Help Make lipids soluable

Bile Salts

Help in the digestion of fats

Bile Salts

Amino acid production increases

due to the horomone steroids that enter the nucleus of the cell

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