a theory that states that the US should control from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean (control the continent from sea to shining sea)
United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852), Whig senator who helped make the Compromise of 1850
leader of american colony in texas, (November 3, 1793 - December 27, 1836), known as the Father of Texas, led the Anglo American colonization of the region. The city of Austin, Texas and Austin County, Texas are named in his honor.
general antonio lopez de santa anna
President of Mexico., Commanded the Mexican army at Gonzales, in 1853 sold territory to the United States including that area known as the Gadsden Purchase.
located in San Antonio, Texas. Where the Mexican Army, under Santa Anna, defeated the Texas "patriots" (a group that included, among others, the renowned frontiersman and former Tennessee congressman Davy Crockett) in 1836.
Helped the Texans win independence from Mexico, frontiersmen and former Tennessee congressmen. One of the "patriots," that valiantly died fighting Santa Anna and the Mexican army at the Alamo in San Antonio.
a site where about 400 defeated, surrounded, and surrendered americans were slaughtered by santa anna. "remember goliad" became a war cry soon thereafter.
battle of san jacinto
a big victory for texans, santa anna was captured, and gives texas its independence ( the battle only lasted 18 minutes), battle that ended the war with Mexico
the Mexican residents of Texas who had fought with the Americans in the revolution, but after Texas one independence, many Americans feared that they were Mexican spies, and drove the many out, those that remained were given a political and economic subordinate status.
term used in the early 1800's for the region that includes present day oregon,washington,idaho, parts of wyoming,montana,and pats of canada., 49th parallel established by US and Britain a boundary for Oregon
both the United States and Britain had claimed sovereignty over Oregon country, and unable to resolve their conflicting claims diplomatically, they agreed in an 1818 treaty to allow citizens of both countries to have equal access to the territory, this lasted for twenty years.
Territory consisting of the states Illinois, Wisconsin, Ohio, Michigan and the northeastern chunk of Minnesota.
church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah
martin van buren
8th U.S. President. 1837-1841. Democratic, Jackson's vice-president during his second term; 8th president of the United States, Martin Van Buren, a Democratic-Republican Senator from New York, rallied the factory workers of the North in support of Jackson. He became Jackson's V.P. after Calhoun resigned. New York politics at that time was controlled by a clique of wealthy land-owners known as the Albany Regency, of which Van Buren became the leader.
james k. polk
democrat, 11th President, led US to war with Mexico, President of United States who had territorial aspirations, leading to conflict with Mexico, resulting in a war.
In politics, a candidate with little apparent support who unexpectedly wins a nomination or election. "Polk may have been a dark horse, but he was hardly an unknown or decrepit nag." (p. 234)
fifty-four forty or fight
Joint control worked for over a decade and a half but ultimately, the parties decided that joint occupancy wasn't working well so they set about to divide Oregon. Treaty of Oregon in 1846.
A somewhat pro-abolition political party formed in 1840. Their presidential candidate was James G. Birney, an anti-slavery leader from Kentucky. This party supported "free soil"- no slavery in the territories.
American military leader and the twelfth President of the United States.achieved fame while leading U.S. troops to victory at several critical battles of the Mexican-American War. A Southern slaveholder who opposed the spread of slavery to the territories, he was uninterested in politics but was recruited by the Whig Party as their nominee in the 1848 presidential election
founded by spanish missionaries, soldires,and settlers located in new mexico, City that became the capital of the spanish colony of New Mexico
built Sutter's Fort; a trading post/cattle ranch that attracted people to California, Swiss immigrant owning land on which gold was discovered in California
People who wanted the United States to expand under Manifest Destiny. They supported adding territories like Oregon, California and Texas to the United States.
after disputes over Texas lands that were settled by Mexicans the United States declared war on Mexico in 1846 and by treaty in 1848 took Texas and California and Arizona and New Mexico and Nevada and Utah and part of Colorado and paid Mexico $15,000,000
American general in war with Mexico, he captured Santa Fe without fireing a shot
an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery.
bear flag revolution
california had a bear on their flag. i have no ****ing clue, its not on google
general winfield scott
was a United States Army general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. he served on active duty as a general longer than any other man in American history. Over the course of his fifty-year career, he commanded forces in the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Black Hawk War, the Second Seminole War, and, the American Civil War.
agent who was authorized to negotiate a settlement, reached an agreement to end the Mexican war on Feb.2 1848 treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico ceded California, New Mexico and acknowledged Rio-Grande as a Texas boundary, U.S promised to take over Mexico's debts to the citizens of the new territories and pay Mexico 15 million, Trist obtained most of Polk's original demands
treaty of guadalupe hidalgo
treaty signed in 1848 by the Us and Mexico, ending the mexico war
Law passed in 1846 that banned slavery in any territories won by the US from Mexico.
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government., The concept that a States people should vote whether to be a slave state or Free
Democratic presedential candidate in 1848, original proponet of the idea of "popular sovereignty"
compromise of 1850
series of measures that were intended to settle the disagreements between free states and slave states, Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession
john c. calhoun
South Carolina Senator - advocate for state's rights, limited government, and nullification, (1830s-40s) Leader of the Fugitive Slave Law, which forced the cooperation of Northern states in returning escaped slaves to the south. He also argued on the floor of the senate that slavery was needed in the south. He argued on the grounds that society is supposed to have an upper ruling class that enjoys the profit of a working lower class.
an advocate of nationalism, Senator who, originally pro-North, supported the Compromise of 1850 and subsequently lost favor from his constituency
"seventh of march" address
On March 7, 1850, Massachusetts Senator Daniel Webster (pictured) rose in the Senate chamber to stake his career, his reputation, and perhaps the nation's future on the success of a speech that he hoped would unite moderates of all sections in support of Kentucky Senator Henry Clay's proposed "Compromise of 1850."
against North abstructing the fugitive slave law. he was a democrat, from Illinois
Successor of President Zachary Taylor after his death on July 9th 1850. He helped pass the Compromise of 1850 by gaining the support of Northern Whigs for the compromise.
party that supported wilmot proviso, the Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico
fugitive slave act
Stringent set of laws that allows Southern slave-catchers to pursue slaves into the north.
ableman vs booth
(1859), case in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld both the constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Act and the supremacy of the federal government over state governments
underground letter that said if Spain would not sell Cuba then the US would forcefully take it
estab. the current borders of the lower 48 states, 1853 purchase of more land for purpose of building intercontinental railroad
kansas nebraska controversy
- Dougalss wanted the railroad for the northwest as a way to organize the new territory of nebraska
nickname given to the Kansas territory because of the bloody violence there, This is what Kansas was referred to because of all the fighting over slavery
Fierce opponent of slavery who led a raid that killed five proslavery people
When John Brown (abolitionist) and followers murdered 5 pro-slavery settlers in Kansas then mutilated their bodies to scare other slave supporters and to keep slavery supporters from moving into Kansas.
leader of the antislavery forces in Massachusetts and a leader of the Radical Republicans in the United States Senate during the American Civil War and Reconstruction
senator andrew butler
Butler was an ardent advocate of slavery, He was elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives at a young age, and in 1824 was elected to the South Carolina Senate, where he served two terms and part of a third before being named a state judge, nothing special
was a Democratic Congressman from South Carolina, known for physically beating senator Charles Sumner on the floor of the United States Senate. His first cousin, Matthew Butler, was a Confederate general.
slavery power conspiracy
was know as a threat the the critizens of America from their own freedom they believed that the slaves from the south would take over the territories and the new western states that were building up
republican party, pre civil war
formed after kansas nebraska act, The name was first used by Thomas Jefferson's party, later called the Democratic Republican party or, simply, the Democratic party. The name reappeared in the 1850s, when the present-day Republican party was founded. At that time the crucial issue of the extension of slavery into the territories split the Democratic party and the Whig party, and opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 organized the new Republican party
"positive good" thesis
pharrell's penis is positively good....that's my thesis
idea that any territory could ban slavery by simply refusing to pass laws supporting it
A gag rule is a rule that limits or forbids the raising, consideration or discussion of a particular topic by members of a legislative or decision-making body, The gagging of anti-slavery petitions by Congress occurred from 1835 to 1844.
Antebellum president who claimed that secession was illegal but going to war was also illegal, indecisive, Fifteenth President
dred scott vs sanford
Supreme court case supporting that slaves were considered property
justice roger taney
Supreme Court Justice who ruled in the Dred Scott Case
pro-slavery government in Kansas constitution
U.S. statesmen, 16th president. Led Union to victory in Civil War. Assassinated. Sometimes called "Honest Abe" or "dope boy mother ****er"
john brown's raid
this ***** killed 5 proslavery peeps in some funn state aka kansas home of the dicksons.
this makes no sense, but its the only one on the site....angered southern democrats ---extension of slavery in territrores and the annexation of slaves pop cuba
william h. seward
"Higher law" and natural rights, Opposed slavery expansion, Whig senator. "Irrepressible conflict" expansion of slavery between north and south
In 1860, he was among a group of Presidential candidates defeated by Abraham Lincoln in a bitterly divided election that helped spark the American Civil War., Presidential candidate of the Constitutional Union Party. He drew votes away from the Democrats, helping Lincoln win.
california gold rush
Trigger by discovery at Sutter's Mill, leads to mass migration to California
WHAT THE **** DOES THIS HAVE TO DO WITH THE CIVIL WAR? A leading muckraker and magazine editor, she exposed the corruption of the oil industry with her 1904 work A History of Standard Oil.
personal liberty laws
laws passed by nothern staes forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves, Bills enacted by northerners in response to the injustices of the Fugitive Slave Act