the group that constantly moves from place to place in search of food and water; have no permanent home.
the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam
a city in western Arabia; brought religious pilgrims who came to worship at an ancient shrine in the city (Ka'aba)
a prophet who was believed to have spoken with the angel of Gabriel; believed he was the last of the prophets; began to teach that Allah was the one and only god and all other gods must be abandoned.
the migration of Muhammad and his supporters from Mecca to Yathrib; turning point for Muhammad (Meccans believed that his revolutionary ideas would lead to neglect of the traditional Arab gods; feared that if people accepted his beliefs, Mecca would lose it position as a pilgrimage center.)
the Islamic holy month where; Muslims fast between dawn and sunset; fasting reminds Muslim that their spiritual needs are more important than their physical needs.
Five Pillars of Islam
5 duties that you must carry out to be a Muslim.
consists of 5 duties- faith, prayer, alms, fasting, pilgrimage
a scholar class that includes religious teachers who apply the words and deeds of Muhammad to everyday life.
the holy book of the Islams; only written in Arabic- considered the only true word of Allah
A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad; means successor or deputy
group of 4 elected caliphs who ruled by using the Qur'an and Muhammad's actions as guides to leadership
means striving; referring to a struggle against unbelievers; Abu-Bakr applied this meaning of jihad to encourage and justify the expansion of Islam
a dynasty that ruled the Muslim Empire; moved the Muslim capital to Damascus; surrounded themselves with wealth; gave rise to a fundamental division in the Muslim community
a dynasty that ruled much of the Muslim Empire from 750-1258; killed remaining members of the Umayyad family except Abd- al-Rahman
was the only Umayyad that escaped the slaughter; set up an Umayyad caliphate in North Africa
a member of a Muslim dynasty that traced its ancestry to Muhammad's daughter Fatima and that built an empire in North Africa, Arabia, and Syria