centralized government with complete control over the citizens who have no rights, no private property (only federal government); Russia
Extreme nationalism including militarily and racially, allowed for private property with government controls (germany)
strong centalized government headed by a dictator against communist tactics and allowed for private property with government control (Italy)
What events put WWII into motion?
militaristic authoitarian regimes emerge in Japan, Italy, Germany; Germany and Italy begin aiding Franco in Spain; Japan takes over Manchuria the invades China; Italy makes Ethiopia as a colony; German aggression against Czechoslovakia threatened to force Britain and France into war; countries had unstable economies and recessions and created tensions
America declared neutrality acts (limited sales of munition to any one country;
How does Russia become involved with Germany?
nonaggression pact- Germans and Russians agree not to be aggressive into Poland; Germany ignores this and performs the Blitzkrieg and the Sitzkrieg, take normandy anf denmarks, later France and Belgium
statement of war aims created with Churchill: build secure peace, promote free trade, work for disarment, no territorial expansion
Battle of Midway
Japanese sent ships to Midway, Americans knew code and were ready; turning point for Japanese in war; stopped Japanese advance
Japanese threaten to seize Europe's asian colonies so FDR cuts off trade with Japan; Japanese attack base in Pearl Harbor; U.S. declared war (also on Italy and Germany)
Office on War Info
controlled war news and promoted morals at home
axis power agreement that if one member went to war with the united states then they all went to war
Great Britain, France, Russia, later US and Italy after Mussolini taken out of power
Hemispheric defense Zone
FDR argues to protect our hemisphere from colonialism and have to find a way to help allies; begin sending Navy to protect US cargo ships to Europe
What attributes of the war helped the labor and workforce industry?
begin to change to creating war materials; want to avoid strikes so improved worker conditions; no discrimination of race (no choice) so african americans mexicans and women begin working; increased farm profits
Double "V" campaign
african amerians hope that by helping the military they wil gain victory at home (civil rights) along with the nation's victory overseas
How do the Soviets begin winning on the German front?
stalingrad; Germans plow through USSR but do not win; Soviets upset that US does not send aid
plan to take back France; take Germans by surpirse at Normandy; American invasion into land (previously only air); Eisenhower greatly helps the European war
Battle of Okinawa
last output of Japanese troops; deadly for americans because of Kamikaze pilots; americans win; utilized island hopping to reach
Big three (truman, stalin, Churchill) divide Germany into French, US, GB, and Soviet territory; set up the Nuremberg trials(world court system); US occupy Japan; Churchill and Truman want to secure political freedom but Stalin wants to instill communism to all of europe
first african american unit; helped win the battle of Anzio in Italy
US captures Iwo Jima from Japanese; strategic for the latter dropping of the atomic bombs
What did the military use to pay for war?