Izzy's AP Psych Ch 10

29 terms by israelgreg 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

cognition

The mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating

concept

A mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people

prototype

A mental image or best example of a category - matching new items to the prototype provided a quick and easy method for including items in a category

algorithm

A methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem

heuristic

A simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently

insight

A sudden and often novel realization of the solution to a problem

confirmation bias

A tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions

fixation

The inability to see a problem from a new perspective

mental set

A tendency to approach a problem in a particular way, especially a way that has been successful in the past

functional fixedness

The tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions

representative heuristic

Judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes

availability heuristic

Estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory

overconfidence

The tendency to be more confident than correct - to overestimate the accuracy of one's beliefs and judgments

framing

The way an issue is posed

belief bias

The tendency for one's preexisting beliefs to distort logical reasoning, sometimes by making invalid conclusions seem valid, or valid conclusions seem invalid

belief perserverence

Clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited

artificial intelligence

The science of designing and programming computer systems to do intelligent things and to simulate human thought processes

computer neural networks

Computer circuits that mimic the brain's interconnected neural cells

language

Our spoken, written, or signed words and the ways we combine them to communicate meaning

phoneme

In a spoken language, the smallest distictive sound unit

morpheme

In a language, the smallest unit that carries a meaning (may be a word or part of a word)

grammar

In a language, a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

semantics

The set of rules by which we derive meaning from morphemes, words, and sentences in a given language

syntax

The rules for combining words into grammatically sensible sentences in a given language

babbling stage

Beginning at 3 to 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

one-word stage

The stage in speech development, from about age 1 to 2, during which a child speaks mostly in single words

two-word stage

Beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly two-word statements

telegraphic speech

Early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram, using mostly nouns and verbs and omitting "auxiliary" words

linguistic determination

Whorf's hypothesis that language determines the way we think

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set