PSYCHIATRY

50 terms by problemchid1960 

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acrophobia

Morbid (unhealthy) dread of high places

agoraphobia

Fear of being in a large open space

ambivalence

The simultaneous existence of conflicting attitudes, as of love and hate toward the same object

amentia

Feeblemindedness; a mental disorder characterized by marked mental confusion, sometimes so severe as to approach stupor

amok

A psychic disturbance marked by a period of depression followed by violent attempts to kill people...

analysand

One who is being psychoanalyzed

anamnesis

The collected data concerning a patient, his/her previous environment and experiences, including any abnormal sensations, moods, or acts observed by the patient or by others and the dates of their appearance and duration, as well as any results of treatment

ataractics

Tranquilizing agents widely used in psychiatric disorders such as agitation, aggressive outburst, psychomotor overactivity, etc.; they are the same as antianxiety agents

bradyphrasia

Slowness of speech due to mental disorder

bradypsychia

Slowness of mental reactions

carphology

The involuntary picking at the bedclothes seen in grave fevers and in conditions of great exhaustion

catalepsy

A morbid (abnormal) state in which there is a waxy rigidity of the limbs that may be placed in various positions, which will be maintained for a time

catatonia

Stupor

chorea insaniens

Chorea with symptoms of insanity chiefly seen in pregnant women

coprophilia

A psychopathologic interest in filth, especially in feces and in defecation

cyclothymia

A temperament characterized by cyclic alternations of mood between elation and depression

cyclothymic personality

An individual manifesting mood swings from elation to depression

*dysboulia (dis boo-lE-uh)

Abnormal weakness or disturbance of the will

echopraxia

The spasmodic and involuntary imitation of the movements of another

ego-dystonic

Denoting any impulse, idea, or the like that is repugnant to and inconsistent with an individual's conception of himself/herself

electronarcosis

Anesthesia produced by passing an electric current through the brain by electrodes placed on the temples

enosimania

Obsessive belief of having committed an unpardonable offense

*flagellation (flaj-eh lA-shun)

Whipping or being whipped to achieve erotic pleasure

hebephrenic schizophrenia

Shallow inappropriate emotions, disorganized thinking, unpredictable childish behavior and mannerisms, indicative of gross personality disorganization

ideation

The distinct mental presentation (or picturing) of objects (or thoughts)

Korsakoff's psychosis

A chronic brain syndrome associated with a prolonged use of alcohol

lability

In psychiatry, emotional instability; a tendency to show alternating states of gaiety and somberness

malingering

The willful, deliberate, and fraudulent feigning or exaggeration of the symptoms of illness or injury done for the purpose of a consciously desired end

mesmerism

Hypnotism

*metaphrenia (met-uh frE-nE-uh)

The mental condition in which the interests are withdrawn from the family or group and directed to personal gain or aggrandizement

milieu therapy

The utilization of a modified and controlled environment in the treatment of mental disease

*mydriasis (mi drI-uh-sis)

Extreme or morbid (unhealthy) dilatation of the pupil; dilatation of the pupil as the effect of a drug

neurasthenia

A neurosis characterized by chronic weakness, easy fatigability, and sometimes exhaustion

nihilism

A form of delusion in which, to the patient, everything no longer exists

nympholepsy

Ecstasy; transport, especially one of an erotic nature

*obnubilation (ob-noo bih-lA-shun)

A clouded state of the mind

oligophrenia

Defective mental development

paresthetic

Relating to or marked by paresthesia

phagomania

An insatiable craving for food, or an obsessive preoccupation with the subject of eating

postictal

Following a stroke or seizure, such as an acute epileptic attack

psychometry

The measurement of intelligence; psychological testing

psychotogen

A drug that produces psychotic manifestations

*recidivism (rE sid-ih-vizm)

The relapse or recurrence of a disease

Rorschach test

A personality test that attempts to detect conscious or unconscious personality traits and conflicts by eliciting the individual's associations to a set of ink blots

obsessive rumination

The constant preoccupation with certain thoughts, with inability to dismiss them from the mind

selenoplegia

A morbid (unhealthy) condition once believed to be due to the influence of the moon's rays

somatization

In psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms

somnambulism

A hypnotic state in which the subject has the full possession of his/her senses but no subsequent recollection; sleep walking

tangentiality

A disturbance in the associative thought process in which the patient tends to digress readily from one topic under discussion to the other topics that arise in the course of associations

*workup work up

The lab, x-ray, or other procedures involved in the diagnostic study of a patient with regard to the symptoms or complaints

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