dividing line between North and South Korea
General Doughlas MacArthur
Argued that the Korean War should be extended into a war against China.
HUAC- What did it do?
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)- investigated communism in the film industry.
Eisenhower Doctrine- Reason for?
Issued in response to the fear of Soviet military action in the Middle East.
Truman Doctrine- Goal?
The main goal was to contain the spread of communism.
U-2 incident- What did cause?
The Soviet Union rejected Eisenhower's "open skies" proposal at Geneva.
He made accusations that communism was widely present in teh U.S government & military.
GI Bill- What did it do for veterans?
Paid for part of their tuition, guaranteed them a year's worth of unemployment benefits, and offered low interest loans.
Large corporation that owns a number of smaller companies.
Groups of artists and poets who expressed nonconformity.
Warren Court- Who praised the court? Who did not?
Conservatives did not
Federal program established for Americans age 65 and over, provided them with health insurance.
Peace Corps- Who created it?
John F. Kennedy
Bay of Pigs- Purpose?
Overthrow Fidel Castro
Berlin Wall- Why was it built?
To stop East Germans from fleeing to West Berlin
Warren Commission- What did it find?
That Oswald acted alone in John F. Kennedy's assassination.
The Great Society- Who benefited?
minorities and the poor
Brown vs. Board of Education- What did it overturn?
Separate but equal
Kerner Commission- What did it find?
White Racism was the main cause of urban violence.
Civil Rights Act of 1964- (Name two things it did)
1.) Made segregation illegal in public accommodations.
2.) Made the modern feminist movement more organized and focused.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Enabled federal officials to register voters.
Civil Rights Act of 1968
Banned discrimination in the selling, buying or renting a home.
Lead attorney of the NAACP, argued for the Brown family in Brown vs. Board of Education before the Supreme Court
SCLC- Founder and President?
Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded by Martin Luther King Jr.
Freedom Riders- What did they do?
Brought about a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities.
Freedom Summer- What did it do?
Campaign to register African American voters in Mississippi
Appealed to african American's anger and frustration over a lack of social and economic power. He started off preaching a militant approach to civil rights.
Events in 1968
Assassination of Robert Kennedy
Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.
Protest at the Domocratic National Convention
Programs that involve making special efforts to hire or enroll groups that have suffered discrimination. It was a leg
What set off the first general strike in U.S History?
The invasion of Cambodia
Pentagon Papers- What was revealed?
Lyndon Johnson's administration made efforts to mislead the American people.
If one country falls to communism, others in the region will fall, too.
"Peace with honor" by President Nixon
Tonkin Gulf Resolution- Which President? What did it grant?
Lyndon Johnson- Granted him broad military powers in Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
Enabled the North Vietnamese to send troops to South Vietnam.
War Powers Act- Purpose?
Restricted the power of the president
Tet Offensive- Outcome?
Most effective in convincing the American People taht the war was not winnable.
La Raza Unida
Focused on electing Latinos to public office.
Used nonviolent means to organize Mexican- American farm workers.
Helped Chavez's group gain negotiating power.
Indian Education Act
Gave greater control over the education of Native Americans to Native American tribes.
American Indian Movement- What events did it organize? What was their goal?
Occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs
Occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota
Trail of Broken Treaties march on Washington
Goal: Actively confront the federal government.
Counterculture Movement- Who were the members?
white, middle class college youths
Wrote the book The Feminine Mystique which inspired women to question their lives.
NOW- National Organization for Women
Group founded to specifically address the grievances of women that were not adequately addressed by the Civil Rights Act of 1964
OPEC- What did they do?
In 1973- these nations cut off their supply of oil to the United States.
Saturday Night Massacre
When Nixon ordered Attorney General Richardson to fire special prosecutor invesigating the Watergate break in.
Camp David Accords
Agreement between Israel and Egypt.
Dual problem of rising unemployment and inflation.
Relazation of tension between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during Nixon's administration.
Earth Day 1970- Cause?
Growing concern over effects of pollution
EPA- Environmental Protection Agency
Set and enforce pollution standards.
Militant Islamic leader who forced the Shah of Iran into exile.
SDI- Strategic Defense Initiative
Missile defense system
Fundamentalist Christian leader and televangelist Jerry Farwell formed this organization which was instrumental in helping Ronald Reagan become president in 1980
argued that women should be paid the same as men for doing the same job.
Free trade agreement between U.S. Canada, and Mexico
Contract with America- Who created it?