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Eurasia

The large landmass that includes both Europe and Asia.

Topography

Refers to the shape and elevation of land in a region.

Middle Ages

A time that lasted from about 500 to around 1500.

Medieval

Another name for the Middle Ages.

Saint Patrick

A monk who helped convert Irish to Christianity.

Monks

Religious men who live in isolated areas appart from societies.

Monasteries

Communities of monks.

Benedict

Italian monk who created a set of rules that most European monasteries followed.

Charlemagne

A brilliant warrior and a strong king who led the Franks in building a huge empire.

Knight

Warrior who fought on horseback.

Vassal

A knight who promised to serve and be loyal to a lord in exchange for land.

Feudalism

A system of promises that governed the relationship between knights lords and vassals.

William the Conqueror

Defeated English king and declared himself the new king of England.

Manor

Large estate owned by a knight or lord.

Serf

Worker that was tied to the land they worked on.

Eleanor of Aquitaine

French woman that held great political power.

Chivalry

What Europeans called their code of honorable behavior for knights.

Haiku

japanese short, three-lined poems of 17 syllables that describe nature scenes.

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