conquered rome in 616 B.C., developed dams, sewers, leather shoes, Gladitorial games, THROWN OUT OF POWER IN 509 B.C.
Social Divisions Republic
The Struggle with Carthage
part of the punic wars. As late as 279 BC the two cities has signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus. However, Carthage occupied the Sicilian town of Massana in 264 BC, after the Mamertines, a group of mercenaries, appealed to Carthage for help against Hiero II, king of Syracuse (a Sicilian city-state). this bothered Rome,
hanibal and the second punic war
After the death of Hamiclar Barca, his son Hannibal became leader of the Carthaginian army in Spain. Hannibal decided to mount the most ambitious invasion plan of history-invade Rome through the Pyranees, the Rhone valley, and the Alps. In 202, Scipio finally defeated Hannibal, at the Battle of Zama. In 201, a treaty was signed, which was very punitive. Carthage had to surrender her navy, all territorial claims in Spain, and had to pay reparations in the amount of 10,000 talents over 50 years
nature of roman imperialism
early Romans worshiped powerful spirits or divine forces called numina; each family had a guardian spirit; government and religion linked,ahd public worship ceremonies; later, many Romans became interested in religions of Asia
Children were raised at home; upper-class boys and girls were expected to learn how to read and write; the father decided what and how education was provided for his children; boys learned reading, writing, moral principles, family values, law and physical training so when they were 16, they could trade their purple toga for a white one (toga of manhood).
values and attitudes
The dedication of citizens to the common wellfare of their community or country, even at the cost of their individual interests.
sought the basic principles as a foundation, all citizens treated as equal
social roman problems
Economic roman problems
political roman problems
Marius and Sulla
two consuls known as reformers that called for the army to decide the best leaders of rome
Senators- ruling class of empire; cheif magistracies, important military posts; governing provinces; must have property over 1 million sesterces. Agustus reduces to 600 and adds wealthy men from all over Italy. Equestrian order- Must have property worth 400,000 sesterces; held military and administrative government offices; possible reward of senatorial membership at end of career (20 year career). POSITION OF POWER
Trajan, Hadrian, Antonious Pious and Mascus Aurelius,
-created new programs to help citizens, successful, expanded land area, expanded emperors rule, state funds to assist parents with children
recovering from civil war,laid down foundation for a stable government
were slaves or criminals; some free men; trained in special gladitorial schools
The reforms of diocletian and Constantine
Greatly enhanced the army and civil service institutions, but drained most of the public funds
political reforms in rome
Military reforms in rome
Economic and social trends in rome
Constantine's building program
The Conversion of constantine
The Battle of the Milivan Bridge; the event of Constantine's conversion to Christianity
The ostrogothic kingdom of italy
The Visigothic Kingdom of Spain
The Frankish Kingdom
According to Charlemagne was "God's new Israel"
Descendants of the Angles and Saxons. For this time England was divided into seven small kingdoms, each with its own laws and customs.
The Power of the Pope
The Monks and Their Missions
characterized by ideals of moderation, communal life, isolated and self-sustaining communities, and rules and vows
Monks as Missionaries
Women and Monasticism
The Path of Celibacy
The Work of Augustine
Jerome and the Bible
A Roman statesman and writer, serving in the administration of Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths. Wrote a history that started at the beginning of time to 519.
the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
The Teachings of Islam
The Spread of Islam
The rightly guided Caliphs took power after the death of Muhammad and conquered the entire Arabian Peninsula under the name of Islam.