Digestive System

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Pyloric Sphincter

Name the valve that prevents regurgitation of food from the small intestine back into the stomach

Summarize the Functions of the Stomach

Regulate bile movement, eliminate enzymes, regulate pH

Duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum

Food is in the small intestine, and its passing along millions of small hairlike projections called villi. It is on it's journey through 3 sections of the small intestine. What is the correct order?

Enuresis

Once your food has reached the end of the digestive tract, it is sitting in the rectum, waiting to be excreted. What is another term for this excretion process?

Mastication

What is another name for chewing?

Pepsin and protease

The enzymes of the stomach that assist with the digestion of proteins are:

0

The large intestine supports ____% of chemical digestion

11

Food stays in the small intestine for a total of ____ hours

Amino Acids

Proteins are broken down into substances called

Mucus

The stomach is protected from digesting itself by

Subclavian

Which is not a salivary gland (sublingual, parotid, subclavian, submandiular)

Produces Enzymes

The pancreas is necessary for digestion because it

Duodenal

An ulcer in the small intestine is referred to as a _____ ulcer

Peptopancreatic Canal

Which is not a name for the tube that runs from the mouth to the anus?

Cirrhosis

A condition in which the liver hardens and cannot function is called

Rugae

The projections of the stomach that aid in mechanical digestion are

Villi

Small microscopic projections in the walls of the small intestine are called

20 Feet

Measuring from the pyloric sphincter to the first part of the large intestine, the small intestine is how long?

Ascites

What GI condition consists of an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen?

Pyloric Sphincter

What is the ring of muscle at the distal end of the stomach called?

Appendicitis

An inflammation of the appendix, caused by an obstruction or a foreign body in the lumen

Ascites

An abnormal accumulation of fluid with in the peritoneal cavity, caused by leakage in veins into extravascular spaces

Cirrhosis

Chronic degenerative disease of the liver in which the lobes are covered with fibrous tissue. Caused by blood flow to the liver to be obstructed

Cholelithiasis

Prescence of gallstones in the gall bladder caused by gall stones

Diverticulitis

Inflammation of the diverticula, caused by certain spicy foods and certain medications

Diverticulosis

Weakening of the colon

Gastritis

Lining of the stomach becomes inflammed

Hepatitis

Inflammation of the liver caused by virus or a poison

Heartburn

Occurs when gastric juices back up through the cardiac sphincter, caused by food poisoning, infection and toxins

Hermorrhoids

Painful dialated veins in the rectum or anus, caused by bacteria or infection

Peritonitis

Condition in which the lining of the abdominal cavity becomes inflammed, caused by infection

Dyspepsia

Feeling of epigastric discomfort after eating, caused by gall bladder disease, or chronic appendicitis

Peptic Ulcer Disease

sharply circumscribed loss of mucus membrane of the stomach, caused by GI system being exposed to gastric juices containing acid

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Abnormal dilation of the abdominal aorta, usually in area of severe atherosclerosis caused by atherosclerosis

Abdominal Hernia

Hernia in which a loop of a bowel protrudes through a defect in a weakened portioned of the abdominal musculature, caused by an old surgical scar thats stretched and thinned

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