5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Transport of Carbon Dioxide
- Rh Blood Group
- Composition of blood
- a rhesus monkeys first studied, people are positive with the Rh antigen, negative without it. People that are positive have D antigens on their red blood cells. Antibodies against the Rh-antigen do not develop unless Rh-negative person is exposed to Rh-positive blood.
- b Lymphocytes and Monocytes
- c Plasma=liquid portion, 55% of blood. Formed elements with white blood cells at the top, 45% of blood.
- d 7% dissolved in the plasma, 23% transported by blood proteins, mostly by hemoglobin. (carbaminohemoglobin), 70% is transported in the form of bicarbonate ions.
- e Small phagocytic cells, most common
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Release histamine to increase inflammatory response, and release heparin and anticoagulant, increased due to ALLERGIES or inflammation.
- Liquid part of blood. Pale yellow made up of 91% water, 9% solutes. Has colloid suspension.
- Process of blood cell production
- also called erythroblastoisis fetalis: if mother produces exposed to a fetus who is Rh positive when she is negative, she will develop anti-Rh antibodies that cross the placenta and cause agglutination and hemolysis of fetal red blood cells.
- overabundance of RBC increased blood viscosity, reduced flow rates, and plugging of capillaries
5 True/False Questions
Functions of blood → TRANSPORTS gases, nutrients, waste products, processed and regulatory molecules. REGULATES pH and osmosis. MAINTAINS body temp, PROTECTS against foreign substances. Clot formation.
Granulocytes → Neutrophils, Eosinophils, and Basophils
Carboxyhemoglobin → Transport of gases by hemoglobin bound to carbon monoxide. At the same time hemoglobin binds to oxygen, (one O2 per heme group), nitric oxide produced by endothelial cells lining the blood vessels is also bound to the amino acid cysteine contained within the beta globin. When hemoglobin releases oxygen to the tissues nitric oxide is released as well which causes the relaxation of smooth muscle in the walls of blood vessels thus decreasing blood pressure.
Hemoglobin → Consists of 4 globin molecules that transport carbon dioxide (carbonic anhydrase involved) and nitric oxide; AND 4 heme molecules that transport oxygen (Iron is required for oxygen transport )
White blood count (WBC) → number of red blood cells per microliter of blood