A fortified city built on high ground. In Mycenean times it contained much of the city. Later it was used as a religious sanctuary as part of a larger city.
An open space in the middle of a Greek city used for markets markets and as a meeting place.
The main room of a temple where the statue of a god or goddess stood.
A woman's dress made from one piece of cloth.
A style of column with carved acanthus leaves at its top.
A plain column with an undecorated top. The Doric Order was a style of architecture which used this sort of column.
A place where people could train in athletics. Later a _________ was often the focus of a city's intellectual life, too, and might be equipped with a lecture hall and a library.
The word which the Greeks used to refer to the whole Greek race. It came from the name of a legendary hero Hellen, said to be the father of the Greek people.
A term used to describe the period after death of Alexander the Great when Greek language and culture dominated the countries of his former empire.
A heavily armed Greek foot soldier.
A tall column with two swirls known as volutes, decorating the top. The Ionic Order, a style of architecture which used this sort of column, was popular in Greece's eastern colonies and islands.
An early form of writing used by the Minoans.
An adapted form of Linear A writing used by the Mycenaeans.
The name the archeologist Arthur Evans gave to the civilization he discovered on Crete. The term came from the legendary Cretan king Minos.
A political system in which a small group of people governed.
A lightly armed foot soldier first used by the Thracians and later by the Greek armies.
The formation in which hoplite soldiers fought, consisting of a block of soldiers, usually eight ranks deep.
An independent Greek state consisting of a city and the surrounding countryside.
A long, roofed passageway with columns on one side which provided shelter from the sun, wind, and rain. It often formed the side of an agora and sometimes contained stalls or offices.
An Athenian army commander. Ten _____ were elected each year. Under the democratic system, ______ also had the power to implement the policies decided by the Council and the Assembly.