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Race

group with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group

Both a myth and a reality

people who still believe in a superior race (hard to pinpoint)

W.I. thomas

"A situation defined as real, is real in it's consequences"

Ethnicity

cultural characteristics that distinguish a group of people ( this is what makes us different)

Louis Worth

minority group - a group singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination

How does a minority group become such a group

through cultural and physical characteristics not valued by the dominant group

Dominant group

a group that has more power, priviledges, and higher social status

Political expansion

losers become the minority

migration

voluntary and involuntary = people who were forced

Discrimination

unfair treatment directed towards somebody

Prejudice

prejudgements

How to construct ethnic identity

1. influenced by group size and power 2. if a group is relatively small, has little power and is the object of discrimination

(Emory Bogardus) social distance

how closely people are willing to interact with members of a particular category

Scapegoat theory (conflict theory, also Theory of Prejudice)

person or category of people typically with little power who people unfairly blame for their own faults

Who developed a social scale?

Emory Bogardus

Authoritarian personality T.W. Adorno

prejudice & discrimination are an extreme personality trait

Authoritarian personality

this group of people always assume that their position is always right

Structural functional

the social environment can be delibrately arranged to generate positive or negative fellings about people (in group, out group)

The In- group

people feel loyalty towards

The Out-group

groups that people feel antagonism towards

Social conflict

inequality and division (ruling class)

What two ways do the elite keep workers divided?

they keep workers insecure and by maintaining racial & ethical conflict divisions

Conflict theorist says?

The elite keep people fighting amongst our self over race issues when we should be fighting those at the top together

Reserve labor force?

unemployed people

Symbolic interaction?

applying labels to people

Selective perception?

seeing certain features of an object or situation but remaining blind to others

Genocide?

attempted or actual systematic annihilation of a race or ethinic group that has been labelled less than human

Population transfer?

involuntary movement of a minority group

Indirect transfer?

making it difficult so that people choose to move

Direct transfer?

forcing people to move

Internal colonialism

societies policy of exploiting a minority by using social institutions to deny access to full benefits (medicaid &medicare)

Segregation?

formal seperation of groups

Assimilation?

a minority group is absorbed into other groups

Forced assimilation?

dominant group prohibits minority group from practicing religion, language, and customs

Permissive assimilation?

minorities decide on their own to adapt to dominant group patterns

Multiculturalism?

permit and encourage ethnic variations (minority group maintains own identity, but participate freely in social institutions)

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