Supreme Court Cases

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Schenck v. United States

Establishes clear and present danger test.

Gitlow v. New York

Encorporates free speech to the states.

Tinker v. Des Moines

Students shed some rights at school, but others are kept unless there is a disruption.

Texas v. Johnson

Burning the flag is constitutional.

United States v. O'Brien

Burning draft cards is unconstitutional.

Everson v. Board of Education

Government can fund private schools if they are funding for a nonreligious service.

Engle v. Vitale

No prayer in public schools.

Wallace v. Jaffree

Teachers cannot set aside daily moments of silence.

Lemon v. Kurtzman

Establishes the lemon test.

Employment Division v. Smith

States are not required to accommodate otherwise illegal acts done in pursuit of religious beliefs.

Reynolds v. United States

Religious duty is not a suitable defense to a criminal indictment of the country.

Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal

Native Americans can use normally illegal hoasca for religious ceremonies.

New York Times v. United States

No prior restraint unless there is a national security risk.

Near v. Minnesota

Encorporates freedom of press to states.

Miranda v. Arizona

Must be told rights under arrest and before interrogation.

Gideon v. Wainwright

Right to an attorney at trial.

Wolf v. Colorado

States don't need probable cause to search.

Mapp v. Ohio

4th Amendment encorporated to the states.

New Jersey v. TLO

Schools only need reasonable grounds to search.

Veronia School District v. Acton

Random drug tests of atheletes in schools is constitutional.

Griswold v. Connecticut

Establishes right to privacy.

Roe v. Wade

Allows abortion during the first trimester.

Planned Parenthood v. Casey

Establishes undue burden test.

Barron v. Baltimore

States do not gave to compensate for private property taken.

Kelo v. City of New London

Governmewnt can take private property if it benefits public and they give compensation.

Furman v. Georgia

Temporary stay on death penalty.

Gregg v. Georgia

Reinstates death penalty in certain cases.

Roper v. Simmons

No dealth penalty for minors.

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