(n) a policy of favoring native-born americans over immigrants
(n) the principles of the progressive wing of the Democratic party, especially those advocated under the leadership of President Franklin D. Roosevelt for economic recovery and social reforms.
Birth of a Nation
(n) Controversial but highly influential and innovative silent film directed by D.W. Griffith. It demonstrated the power of film propaganda and revived the KKK.
Emergency Banking Relief Act
(n) gave the President power over the banking system and set up a system by which banks would be reorganized or reopened
Ku Kluk Klan
A secret society organized in the South after the Civil War to reassert white supremacy by means of violence.
Economic theory based on the principles of John Maynard Keynes stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms.
National Origins Act (1924)
A law that severely restricted immigration by establishing a system of national quotas that blatantly discriminated against immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and virtually excluded Asians. The policy stayed in effect until the 1960s.
Lend-Lease Act (1941)
the name of the program under which the United States of America supplied the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, France and other Allied nations with vast amounts of war material between 1941 and 1945 in return for, in the case of Britain, military bases in Newfoundland, Bermuda, and the British West Indies.
Sacco + Vanzetti Trial
The trial of two Italian immigrants who were arrested for robbery and murder. They admitted they were anarchists, but said they were innocent of the crimes.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
Japanese and Japanese Americans from the West Coast of the United States during WWII. While approximately 10,000 were able to relocate to other parts of the country of their own choosing, the remainder-roughly 110,000 me, women and children-were sent to hastly constructed camps called "War Relocation Centers" in remote portions of the nation's interior.
Prohibition, rise of organized crime
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
Taking items that are in short supply and distributing them according to a system. For instance, during World War II, gas, sugar, and butter were a few of the items rationed in the United States.
Frederick W. Taylor, Scientific Management
In 1911, this work was published to describe that the application of the scientific method to the management of workers could improve productivity.
John L. Lewis
He was a miner known for creating the United Mine Workers. He helped found the CIO and was responsible for the Fair Labor Standards Act.
a communication system based on broadcasting electromagnetic waves
Zoot Suit Riots
In the 1940's - Riots that occurred mostly in Los Angeles, CA between white marines and young Mexican Americans. White marines thought that the dress of "zoot suits" of the Mexican Americans was un-patriotic, although about 300,000 Mexican Americans were in the armed forces. Some Mexicans thought that they would be the next "Japanese" and be taken to camps.
carefree young women with short, "bobbed" hair, heavy makeup, and short skirts. The flapper symbolized the new "liberated" woman of the 1920s. Many people saw the bold, boyish look and shocking behavior of flappers as a sign of changing morals. Though hardly typical of American women, the flapper image reinforced the idea that women now had more freedom.
A. Philip Randolph + March on Washington
An African American Civil Rights Leader, founded "March on Washington"—designed to influence Congress to desegregate the military
Margaret Sanger + birth control
In 1921 founded American Birth Control League; which became Planned Parenthood in the 1940s. Advocated birth control awareness.
Fair Employment Practices Commission
FDR issued this committee in 1941 to enforce the policy of prohibiting employment-related discrimination practices by federal agencies, unions, and companies involved in war-related work It guaranteed the employment of 2 million black workers in the war factories.
a style of dance music popular in the 1920s
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values Sinclair Lewis
The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held at Potsdamn, outside Berlin, in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War.
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
Many poor urban African Americans turned to this powerful leader in the 1920s. He founded the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association), urged black economic cooperation and helped African Americans start businesses. He supported "back-to-Africa" movement.
strategy of Allies in WWII of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
june 6,1944; under dwight d. eisenhower allied forces landed on the beach and was greatest naval invasion.
Conservative policies of Harding
Harding was the 29th president of the US. He is known for calming down the people after WWI. He sought out the end of race riots, strikes. He believed in broad-scale prosperity and peace abroad.
City in Russia, site of a Red Army victory over the Germany army in 1942-1943. The Battle of Stalingrad was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.
Teapot Dome scandal
a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921
naval battle of World War II (June 1942) land and carrier-based American planes decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands
president of the U.S from 1923-1933 leader of the US in the beginning of the great depression. He didn't want the gov involved in the peoples lives and thought that the people should express their individual rights.
He was appointed Secretary of Treasery by president Harding. He bought into his office the Mellon Plan which had four main points: Cut the top income tax rate from 77 to 25 percent, cut taxes on low incomes, reduce federal estate tax, and efficiency in the government.
Stock Market Crash (1929)
plunge in stock market prices that marked the beginning of the Great Depression
camps built outside of major cities by people who had lost their homes during the great depression called hoovervilles because the people blamed pre. hoover foe their situition
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
RFC was an independant agency of the United States government. It granted over 2 billion dollars to the local and state governments. It was charted under the Herbert Hoover administration.
Roosevelt, the President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms