Middle East Geography & Early Civilizations

15 terms by matthewfurlong 

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Why does the Arabian Peninsula have such a small population?

Lack of fresh water and fertile soil.

What are the three major religions of the Middle East?

Judaism, Christianity, & Islam

What do desalination plants/factories do?

Convert salt water into fresh water.

What religion are a vast majority of the people follow?

Islam

Why was the Middle East a "Crossroads of the World?"

The major trading routes of ancient times all passed through the Middle East.

Oil Situation

The Middle East has a large amount of oil, but it is not distributed evenly.

Oasis

An area in the desert that can sustain life.

Created 60 seconds in a minute and 60 minutes in an hour.

Sumerians

Created 360 degrees in a circle

Sumerians

Used geometry to survey fields

Sumerians

Created city-states.

Sumerians

Code of Hammurabi

Created public laws where the punishment fit the crime.

Developed the earliest form of our modern alphabet.

Phoenicians

Carried culture throughout the lands sorrounding the Mediterranean Sea.

Phoenicians

Broke vast empire up into smaller provinces with local rulers loyal to an emperor.

Persians

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