5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- The (diarthrotic) sternoclavicular joints are formed by
- The midsagittal plane
- In the 15° medial oblique projection of the ankle, the
- When the hand is pronated and the fingers are extended for a PA projection of the wrist, the wrist
- Rotation of the chest is evidenced in the following ways:
- a divides the body into left and right halves.
- b the medial (sternal) extremities of the clavicles and the clavicular notches of the manubrium (of the sternum). They can be demonstrated in the LAO and RAO positions. The LAO demonstrates the left sternoclavicular joint, while the RAO demonstrates the joint on the right. The patient is obliqued about 15° with the side of interest adjacent to the image recorder
- c 1. talotibial joint is visualized.
2. plantar surface should be vertical.
- d arches and an OID is introduced between the wrist and the cassette. To reduce this OID, the metacarpophalangeal joints should be flexed slightly. This maneuver will bring the anterior surface of the wrist into contact with the cassette.
- e The distance between the medial aspect of the clavicles and the lateral portion of the vertebral column is asymmetrical, the air-filled trachea is off midline, and the scapulae and air-filled lungs are asymmetric
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Barium enema
- Flex the metacarpophalangeal joints
- AP shoulder, external rotation
- 1. an endoscope with a cannula placed in the hepatopancreatic ampulla (of Vater) for an ERCP.
2. a needle or small catheter placed directly in the common bile duct for an operative cholangiogram.
3. a very fine needle through the patient's side and into the liver for a percutaneous transhepatic cholangiogram.
4. via an indwelling T-tube for a postoperative or T-tube cholangiogram.
- 1. A T-tube is in place in the common bile duct.
2. Water-soluble contrast material is injected.
3. The patency of biliary ducts is evaluated.
5 True/False Questions
The sternoclavicular joints will be best demonstrated in which of the following positions? → Anterior oblique
The abdomen is divided anatomically into → nine regions and four quadrants. The region designation is usually used for anatomic studies, while the quadrant designation is most often used to describe the location of a lesion, pain, tumor, or other abnormality. Some of the structures found in the left upper quadrant (LUQ) are the fundus of the stomach, the left kidney and suprarenal gland, and the splenic flexure.
When viewing the glenoid fossa from the anterior, → it is seen to angle posteriorly and laterally approximately 45°. To view it in profile, then, it must be placed so that its surface is perpendicular to the image recorder. The patient is positioned in a 45° oblique, affected side down, which places the glenoid fossa approximately perpendicular to the image recorder. The arm is abducted slightly, the elbow flexed, and the hand and forearm placed over the abdomen. The CR is directed perpendicular to the glenohumeral joint.
The 45° oblique position of the lumbar spine is generally performed for demonstration of → the apophyseal joints. In a correctly positioned oblique lumbar spine, "scotty dog" images are demonstrated. The scotty's ear corresponds to the superior articular process, his nose to the transverse process, his eye to the pedicle, his neck to the pars interarticularis, his body to the lamina, and his front foot to the inferior articular process.
Which of the following statements are true regarding radiographic examination of the acromioclavicular joints? → 1. The procedure is performed in the erect position.
2. The use of weights helps demonstrate small joint changes.