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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. clubbing
  2. hemoptysis
  3. emphysema
  4. cyanosis
  5. pneumothorax
  1. a selective bulbous enlargement of the end of a finger or toe
  2. b permanent enlargement of gas exchange airways with destruction of alveolar walls
  3. c bluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes; reduced hemoglobin in blood
  4. d gas or air enterspleural space separating lung from rib cage and destroying the negative pressure gradient
  5. e coughing up of blood or bloody secretions

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. protective reflex that cleanses the lower air-ways explosive expiration
  2. neonatal lung injury usually a result of premature birth or respiratory support during perinatal period; poor formation of alveoli; hypoxema and hypercapnea; pulmonary hypertension
  3. pleural effusion where the fluid is pus
  4. infection of airway usually caused by virus; manifests like pneumonia with fever, chills, cough
  5. autosomal recessive inherited disease on chromosome 7; causes abnormal expression of a protein affecting airway, bile duts, pancreas, sweat ducts and vas deferens

5 True/False Questions

  1. bronchiolitisabnormal dilation of the bronchi often associated with obstruction and plugs, loss of elasticity


  2. hypercapniaincreased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;


  3. tuberculosisinfection caused by myobacterium; MDR strains; phagocytes engulf bacilli; form granulomatous tubercle, changing to cheeselike caseation necrosis and scar tissue


  4. hyperventilationinadequate alveolar ventilation inelation to metabolic demands; CO2 removal does not keep up with production and level increases in arterial blood causing hypercapnia


  5. resting ventilatory rateinadequate gas exchange where either oxygen is too low or carbon dioxide is too high


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