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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. resting ventilatory rate
  2. kussmaulrespiration (hyperpnea)
  3. hypocapnia
  4. asthma
  5. acute bronchitis
  1. a 8-16 breathes/min and 400-800 mL
  2. b deep, rapid respiration commonly seen in conditions causing acidosis
  3. c infection of airway usually caused by virus; manifests like pneumonia with fever, chills, cough
  4. d inflammatory response results in bronchial smooth musc spasm, vascular congestion, edema, production of thick mucous, impaired mucociliary function, thickening of airway walls and hyperresponsiveness; toxic neuropeptides cause acetylcholine-mediated bronchospasm
  5. e decreased amount of CO2 in the blood resulting from respiratory alkalosis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. excessive fibrous or connective tissue i lung
  2. selective bulbous enlargement of the end of a finger or toe
  3. neonatal lung injury usually a result of premature birth or respiratory support during perinatal period; poor formation of alveoli; hypoxema and hypercapnea; pulmonary hypertension
  4. alveolar ventilation exceeding metabolic demands; lungs remove CO2 faster than it is produced by cellular metabolism
  5. pleural effusion where the fluid is pus

5 True/False questions

  1. cystic fibrosisbluish discoloration of skin and mucous membranes; reduced hemoglobin in blood


  2. emphysemapermanent enlargement of gas exchange airways with destruction of alveolar walls


  3. hemoptysiscoughing up of blood or bloody secretions


  4. hypercapniaincreased amount of CO2 in the blood: depression of respiratory center by drugs; diseases of the medulla;


  5. pulmonary embolismocclusion of the pulmonary vascular ed by emboli, can cause lung infarction


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