a standing committee in the House of Representatives; reviews all bills and sets the rules for floor debate
presidential succession, vice presidential vacancy, and presidential disability
limits the president to two terms
A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue.
the process of reassigning representation based on population, after every census
the official who holds an office
the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
drawing the boundaries of legislative districts so that they are unequal in population
a group within a standing committee that specializes in a subcategory of its standing committee's responsibility
a permanent committee
a temporary joint committee set up when the House and the Senate have passed different versions of the same bill
the legislative leader selected by the minority party as spokesperson for the opposition
count votes within Majority Party- pressure other leaders to vote their way
United States v. Nixon
The President's "Executive Priviledge" was limited by this case.
limits or prohibits amentments on bills
unrelated amendments added to a bill
Federally funded local projects attached to bills passed through Congress.
Line item veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
President's Chief of Staff
Controls access to the President
a motion to force a bill to the house floor that has been bottled up in committee
Reno v Shaw
race can't be primary factor in apportionment...
congressional committee that deals with federal spending.
Ways and Means Committee
House committee that handles tax bills
Senate committee that is responsible for recommending presidential judicial appointments to the full Senate for approval.
selection of employees for government agencies on the basis of political loyalty and electoral support
hiring people into government jobs on the basis of their qualifications
a law that created the Civil Service Commission
a close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constitution to reflect what the framers intended and what its words literally say.
an administrative organization that relies on nonelective officials and regular procedures
A government body responsible for the control and supervision of a specified activity or area of public interest.
the power of Congress to oversee how laws are carried out
Growth of the federal government power due to Supreme court decisions. 1801-1835
an examination of the political ideology of a nominated judge
Writ of Certiorari
An order by a higher court directing a lower court to send up a case for review
courts that generally review only findings of law made by lower courts
the principle that new cases must be decided in ways consistent with prior case law