Ch. 4 Information System

27 terms by CapitalM 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Ch. 3 by Ralph Stair and George Reynold

computer programs

Sequences for instructions for the computer.

documentation

the text that describes the program functions to help the user operate the computer system.

personal sphere of influence

the sphere of influence that serves the needs of an individual user.

personal productivity software

the software that enables users to improve their personal effectiveness, increasing the amount of work they can perform and enhancing its quality.

workgroup

two or more people who work together to achieve a common goal.

workgroup sphere of influence

the sphere of influence that serves the needs of a workgroup.

enterprise sphere of influence

the sphere of influence that serves the needs of the firm in its interaction with its environment.

operating system (OS)

a set of computer programs that controls the computer hardware and acts as an interface with application programs.

kernel

the heart of the operating system, which controls the most critical processes.

user interface

the element of the operating system that allows you to access and command the computer system.

command-based user interface

a user interface that requires you to give text commands to the computer to perform basic activities.

graphical user interface (GUI)

an interface that uses icons and menus displayed on screen to send commands to the computer system.

application program interface (API)

an interface that allows applications to make use of the operating system.

utility programs

programs that help to perform maintenance or correct problems with a computer system.

middleware

software that allows different systems to communicate and exchange data.

service-oriented architecture (SOA)

a modular method of developing software and systems that allows users to interact with systems, and systems to interact with each other.

application service provider (ASP)

a company that provides software, support, and the computer hardware on which to run the software from the user's facilities over a network.

software as a service (SaaS)

a service that allows businesses to subscribe to web-delivered businesses application software by paying a monthly service charge or a peruse fee.

software suite

a collection of single application programs packaged in a bundle.

workgroup application software

software that supports teamwork, whether in one location or around the world.

enterprise resource planning (ERP) software

a set of integrated programs that manage a company's vital business operations for an entire multisite, global organization.

programming languages

sets of keywords, symbols, and a system of rules for constructing statements by which humans can communicate instructions to be executed by a computer.

syntax

a set of rules associated with a programming language.

compiler

a special software prgram that converts the programmer's source code into the machine-language instructions consisting of binary digits.

single-user license

a software license that permits only one person to use the software, typically on only one computer.

open-source software

software that is freely available to anyone in a form that can be easily modified.

shareware and freeware

software that is very expensive or free, but whose source code cannot be modified.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set