Medical Terminology Ch7/ Respiratory System I

62 terms by jamikar

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Pharynx

throat; passageway for food to the esophagus and air to the larynx

Uvula

small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate, named for its grape-like shape

Larynx

voice box, passageway fro air moving from pharynx to trachea; contains vocal cords

Trachea

windpipe; passageway of air from the larynx to the area of carina where it splits into the right and left bronchus

Bronchioles

progressively smaller tubular branches of the airways

Alveoli

thin-walled microscopic air sacs that exchange gases

Lungs

two spongy organs, located in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage, responsible for respiration

Lobes

subdivisions of the lung, two on the left and three on the right

Pleura

membranes enclosing the lung (visceral pleura) and lining the thoracic cavity (parietal pleura)

Diaphragm

muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and aids in respiration by moving up and down

Mucous Membrane

thin sheets of tissue that line the respiratory passages and secrete mucus, a viscid fluid

Cilia

hair-like processes from the surface of epithelial cells, such as those of the bronchi, that provide upward movement of mucus cell secretions

Eupnea

normal breathing

Bradypnea

slow breathing

Tachypnea

fast breathing

Hypopnea

shallow breathing

Hyperpnea

deep breathing

Dyspnea

difficulty breathing

Orthopnea

ability to breath only in an upright position

Apnea

inability to breath

Crackles

poppin sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli

Rales

occurs in disorders such as bronchiectasis or atelectasis

Wheezes

high pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrow airway

Ronchi

occurs in disorders such as asthma or emphysema

Dysphonia

hoarseness

Epistaxis

nosebleed

Expectoration

coughing up and spitting out material from the lungs

Sputum

material expelled from the lungs by coughing

Hemoptysis

coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs

Hypercapnia

excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood

Hyperventilation

excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs causing hypocapnia

Hypoventilation

deficient movement of air in and out o the lungs causing hypercapnia

Hypoxemia

deficient amount of oxygen in the blood

Hypoxia

deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells

Pulmonary Edema

fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli, eventually flooding into the alveoli

Pulmonary Infiltrate

density on an x-ray representing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs, usually indicating inflammatory changes

Rhinorrhea

thin, watery discharge from the nose

Asthma

panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane

Bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

Bronchospasm

constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle

Emphysema

obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by over expansion of the alveoli with air

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD

Permanet, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema

Cystic Fibrosis

inherited condition of exocrine gland malfunction causing secretion of abnormally thick viscous mucus that obsructs passageways within the body

Laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx

Pneumonia

inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses fungi, or parasites

Pneumothorax

air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall

Pulmonary Embolism

occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Tb)

disease caused by the presence of Myobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs characterized by the formation of tubercles

Sinusitis

inflammation of the sinuses

Sleep apnea

periods of breathing cessation

Tonsillitis

acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils

Upper Respiratory Infection (URI)

infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi

Arterial Blood Gases (ABG)

analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases

Auscultation

to listen: physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with aid of a stethoscope

Percussion

physical exmination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size border or fluid content such as the chest

Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT)

direct and indirect measurements of lung volume and capacities

Spirometry

portion of pulmonary function testing that is a direct measurement of lung volume and capacity

Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)

measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after maximal inspiration

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP)

Device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages

Antihistamine

drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine

Bronchodilator

drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi

Expectorant

drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set