Chapter 8 Skeletal System

65 terms by Maltazzo

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False

Condyles are found in the axial skeleton only.

True

Trochanters are unique to the femur.

False

The mastoid process cannot be palpated on a living person.

False

Paranasal sinuses are lined by mucous membranes, and filled with mucus

True

The optic foramen belongs to the sphenoid bone.

False

Sutures are found in the cranial bones, facial bones, and sacral bones.

True

The atlantoaxial joint is the joint between C1 and C2.

False

All ribs articulate with the sternum.

False

Men have one rib fewer than women.

False

The four bones of the distal row of the carpus from lateral to medial are pisiform, hamate, capitate, and trapezoid

True

The styloid process can be palpated proximal to the thumb

False

There are three bones in the pollex.

True

The pubic symphysis can be palpated as a hard prominence above the genitalia.

False

Medial and lateral condyles of the femur are involved in the hip joint.

True

The ischium is posterior to the pubis and inferior to the ilium.

206.

The average number of bones in the adult skeleton is

scapula

All the bones listed below belong to the axial skeleton, except ___________, which belongs to the appendicular

condyle

A rounded knob that articulates with another bone is called a

a process

Any bony prominence is called

because separate bones gradually fuse with age

Why does an adult not have as many bones as a child?

a bone that forms within some tendons in response to stress

What is a sesamoid bone?

foramen.

A hole through a bone that usually allows passage for nerves and blood vessels is called a

ethmoid

All the bones listed below belong to the appendicular skeleton except

sutures

Most of the bones of the skull are connected by immovable joints called

parietal bone, temporal bone.

Sinuses are not found in the

The sella turcica

_______________ is not found in the temporal bone

Parietal bones

___________ are not facial bones.

sella turcica; sphenoid bone

The _________ houses the pituitary gland (hypophysis) and is found in the ____________.

ethmoid bone(s).

There are two of each of the following bones except for the unpaired

squamous

The ______________ suture separates the temporal bone from the parietal bone

the vomer

These are bones associated with the skull but not considered part of it except

spaces between the unfused cranial bones

Fontanels are ____________ in an infant.

the nasal bone

All of these contribute to the wall of the orbit except

Parietal Bone

This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does "4" represent?

temporal bone

This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does "2" represent?

maxilla

This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does "2" represent?

occipital condyle

This image shows an inferior view of the skull. What does "2" represent?

7; 12; 5; 5; 4

Vertebrae are divided into five groups, usually ____________ cervical, ____________ thoracic, _________________ lumbar, ___________ sacral, and ____________ coccygeal

scoliosis.

The most common deformity is an abnormal lateral curvature called

the one between L4 and L5

Which intervertebral disc is largest?

The vertebral head

_____________ does not belong to a representative vertebra

dens (odontoid process)

The axis is the only vertebra with a

it has a pair of transverse foramina.

These are all features found in a typical thoracic vertebra except

sternum; clavicle

The _____________ belongs to the thoracic cage, whereas the _____________ belongs to the pectoral girdle.

the sternum.

The manubrium belongs to

true rib

Rib 7 is a

suprasternal notch

The ___ can be easily palpated between the clavicles.

cervical

The spinous process has a bifid tip in most _______________ vertebrae

anulus fibrosus; nucleus pulposus

In a herniated ("ruptured" or "slipped") disc, the ring of fibrocartilage called the ___________ cracks and the _____________ oozes out.

ribs with the sternum

Costal cartilages connect

The sacroiliac joint

_____________ do(does) not belong to the pectoral girdle.

scapula.

The acromion is a feature of the

humerus; radius and ulna

The brachium contains the ________________, whereas the antebrachium contains the ________________.

scapula; humerus

The glenoid cavity of the _______________ articulates with the head of the _____________.

27

The right hand of an adult has _____________ bones

ulna

This image shows the adult skeleton. What does "2" represent?

metacarpal bones

This image shows the adult skeleton. What does "4" represent?

fibula

This image shows the adult skeleton. What does "2" represent?

patella

This image shows the adult skeleton. What does "4" represent?

ilium

Spines are conspicuous in the

femur

The acetabulum articulates with the

pelvic inlet

The head of an infant passes through the __________________ during birth.

the female sacrum is longer

Male and female pelves differ in the following features

anterior crest

The ______________ does not belong to the femur

medial surface of the fibula.

You cannot palpate the ________________ on a living person.

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