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6 Written Questions

6 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. It is something that depends on other factors. For example, a test score could be a dependent variable because it could change depending on several factors such as how much you studied, how much sleep you got the night before you took the test, or even how hungry you were when you took it. Usually when you are looking for a relationship between two things you are trying to find out what makes the dependent variable change the way it does.
  2. An independent variable is exactly what it sounds like. It is a variable that stands alone and isn't changed by the other variables you are trying to measure. For example, someone's age might be an independent variable. Other factors (such as what they eat, how much they go to school, how much television they watch) aren't going to change a person's age. In fact, when you are looking for some kind of relationship between variables you are trying to see if the independent variable causes some kind of change in the other variables, or dependent variables
  3. changes together in predictable consistent fashion
  4. characteristics; qualities of a person or thing
  5. concept being investigated that is characterized by different attributes-male/female-class
  6. (Time Spent Studying) causes a change in (Test Score) and it isn't possible that (Test Score) could cause a change in (Time Spent Studying). We see that "Time Spent Studying" must be the independent variable and "Test Score" must be the dependent variable because the sentence doesn't make sense the other way around.

6 True/False Questions

  1. Mediating(Intervening) VariablesOther variables may affect the relationship between an independent and dependent variable. A variable that directly or indirectly effects the dependent variable because of its relationship with the independent variable is what is called an mediating or intervening variable. In other words this variable serves to mediate or act as a "go between" in the relationship between the independent and dependent variable. A causal chain is created where the independent variable has an effect on the mediating variable which in turn effects the dependent variable.

          

  2. control variablesA moderating variable is one that has an effect on the dependent variable, but is not related to or affected by the independent variable. Often times, as your text illustrates a moderating variable may be a categorical variable in which only one of the categories has an effect on the dependent variable such as gender, marital status or socioeconomic status. In other words the moderating variable effects the dependent variable, but it's effect is not influenced or Independent Variable Mediating Variable Dependent Variable caused by the independent variable.

          

  3. hypothesis-should be clear-specific-value-free -testable and have more than one outcome.refers to surface attributes that can be easily quantified, objectivity-precision, generalizing

          

  4. Exploratory in Quantitative Methodsrefers to surface attributes that can be easily quantified, objectivity-precision, generalizing

          

  5. Moderating VariablesA moderating variable is one that has an effect on the dependent variable, but is not related to or affected by the independent variable. Often times, as your text illustrates a moderating variable may be a categorical variable in which only one of the categories has an effect on the dependent variable such as gender, marital status or socioeconomic status. In other words the moderating variable effects the dependent variable, but it's effect is not influenced or Independent Variable Mediating Variable Dependent Variable caused by the independent variable.

          

  6. Exampleconcept being investigated that is characterized by different attributes-male/female-class

          

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