endocrine 38, 39 40 pp

42 terms by Marvyb

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affect

emotional tone

exophthalmos

protrusion of one or both eyeballs, often because of thyroid dysfunction or a tumor behind the eyeball

autoimmune

of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body

ectopic

out of place; in an abnormal location

euthyroid

Normal thyroid function

goitrogenic

goiter producing - as in foods or drugs such as turnips, cabbage, lithium

goitrogens

substances in certain foods that interfere with the utilization of iodine

hyperplasia

the increased production and growth of normal cells in a tissue or organ, resulting in an abnormal increase in size of the tissue or organ

hypophysectomy

surgical removal of the hypophysis (pituitary gland)

myxedema

advanced hypothyroidism in adults characterized by sluggishness, slow pulse, puffiness in the hands and face, and dry skin (myx = mucous)

nephrogenic

means caused by the kidneys --This is the type of diabetes insipidus in which the kidney fails to respond to ADH

osmolality

a measure of the total solute concentration per kilogram of solvent

pheochromocytoma

a benign tumor of the adrenal medulla that causes the gland to produce excess epinephrine

polydipsia

excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)

psychogenic

mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin

tetany

condition affecting nerves causing muscle spasms as a result of low amounts of calcium in the blood caused by a deficiency of the parathyroid hormone

diabetes mellitus

a condition of abnormal use of glucose, usually caused by too little insulin or lack of response to insulin.

endogenous

derived or originating internally

gastroparesis

Loss of motility of the stomach muscles, occurring as a long-term secondary complication of diabetes mellitus. (delayed gastric emptying)

glycosuria

the presence of abnormally high levels of sugar in the urine

hyperglycemia

abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes

hypoglycemia

abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet

ketoacidosis

presence of an abnormal amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine indicating an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates as seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation

Kussmaul's

usually greater than 35 respirations per minute, common in Diabetic ketoacidosis (dka)

nephropathy

any disease of the kidney

neuropathy

any pathology of the peripheral nerves

polyphagia

excessive hunger and eating. In diabetes - along with dehydration, the cells are being starved; no glucose can enter without insulin, it all remains in the vascular space; displayed as excessive hunger

postprandial

following a meal (especially dinner)

preprandial

preceding a meal (especially dinner)

retinopathy

disease of the retina

thyroid storm

A crises of uncontrolled hyperthyroidism, characterized by high fever, rapid pulse, respiratory distress, apprehension, restlessness, and irritability; can lead to delirium, coma, or fatal heart failure.

Don't

___ palpate the thyroid, can make it secrete thyroid hormone.

metabolic

thyroid hormones regulate ___ rate

acromegaly

characterized by enlarged features, especially the face and hands, caused by hypersecretion of the pituitary hormone after puberty, when normal bone growth has stopped; most often caused by a pituitary tumor

cushing's

increased secretion of ACTH (adrenocorticotrohic hormone) the natural steroid secreted in the body; d/t chronic steroid use; s/sx: moolike face, red cheeks, facial hair, aneiform rash on chest

addison's

Underactive Adrenal Gland (Adreocortical Insufficiency) - deficiency of aldosterone and cortisol

DKA

abrev for Diabetic Ketoacidosis (result of Hyperglycemia)

ketones

fragments formed by the tissues during incomplete use of fat for energy, and released into the blood

acidosis

If someone is having diabetic keto ____, monotor abgs, cardiac and respiratory status.

neuropathy

nerves become affected caused by high blood sugar, can't feel legs or arms well just tingling, don't know when they get hurt

delays

diabetes ____ wound healing.

3 ps

polydipsia; polyuria; polyphagia

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