MIOL World Music

63 terms by ryanj2013 

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Universals

All societies have music and all people sing

Universals

No music is intrinsically better than any other

Universals

Musical genres are in all cultures: work songs, children's songs, seasonal songs

Universals

Music is used in religious rituals

Universals

Musical styles develop in relation to the social organization of each culture

Instruments

Wind, string, drums, electronic

India

Music based on scales called ragas

India

The hundreds of ragas express feelings and emotions

India

Melodies are ornamented with slides and shakes

India

The rhythm can be free and flexible or strict

India

Rhythm tends to be in groups like 4+4+4+4 or 3+2+2+3

India

Primary instrument is the sitar

India

Most music is melody based with not much harmony

India and China

Vocal sounds tend to be high pitched and nasal

Middle East

It is the heart of the Arab and Islamic cultures

Middle East

Heterophony: many variations of the same melody played at the same time

Middle East

Music is highly ornamented

Middle East

Vocal music is the most common

Middle East

Vocal music is at times edgy and almost harsh sounding

Middle East

The best music is thought to inspire a trancelike higher life experience

Middle East

Much of the music is sacred

Middle East

Oud (lute like instrument) is the main instrument

China and Japan

Music based on the pentatonic scale

China

Most music in duple rhythm

China

Music is mostly melodic with not a lot of harmony

China

Qin zither, pipa lute and Erhu violin most common instruments

China

Opera is very popular

China

Improvisation and ornamentation are part of all performances

Japan

Most music is in duple meter

Japan

Syncopation is important

Japan

Rhythmic and melodic ostinatos are common

Japan

Heterophony occurs in vocal and instrumental music

Japan

Taiko drumming is very important

Indonesia

Music is largely influenced by China and India

Indonesia

Music based mostly on a 5 note and a 7 note scale

Indonesia

Music is full of repeated phrases of varying lengths

Indonesia

Stringed instruments include fiddles and zithers

Indonesia

Gamelan is the term for musical ensemble

Indonesia

Gongs and brass xylophones are typical

Indonesia

Kecak or monkey chant is used in religious rituals

Indonesia

Angklung, the bamboo shaker instrument is important in traditional and popular music

Sub-Saharan Africa

Interlocking: the practice of layering more and more intricate rhythms and melodies in existing songs

Sub-Saharan Africa

Call and Response song style is predominate

Sub-Saharan Africa

Ostinatos, rhythmic and harmonic, are used in a lot of the music

Sub-Saharan Africa

Rhythms combine duple and triple time combinations

Sub-Saharan Africa

Mbiri (kalimba) or thumb piano is very popular

Sub-Saharan Africa

Xylophones are made of wood with gourds used for resonators

Sub-Saharan Africa

Kora, a 21 stringed harp lute, is very popular

Sub-Saharan Africa

A great variety of drums are used, shekere, djembe, dundun, log

Sub-Saharan Africa

Many different types of flutes include pan pipes

Sub-Saharan Africa

Dance is a huge part of the culture

Latin America and the Caribbean

The music is greatly influenced by Africa and Europe, especially Spain and Portugal

Latin America and the Caribbean

Music and dance are very important parts of religious ceremonies

Latin America and the Caribbean

Costumes and masks play a big part in ceremonies

Latin America and the Caribbean

Instruments include a huge variety of guitars

Latin America and the Caribbean

Flutes can be made of wood or metal

Latin America and the Caribbean

Accordions are used in a lot of the music

Latin America and the Caribbean

Marimbas with wooden keys and resonator tubes are used

Latin America and the Caribbean

Dances include the Samba, Tango, and Rumba

Latin America and the Caribbean

Heterophony is used in both vocal and instrumental music

Latin America and the Caribbean

Melodies tend to be strophic

Latin America and the Caribbean

Interlocking is once again used in rhythms and melodies

Latin America and the Caribbean

Steel drums are unique to the Carribean Islands

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