dominated politically and economically by a more powerful nation
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
This period of time following World War II is where the United States and the Soviet Union emerged as superpowers and faced off in an arms race that lasted nearly 50 years.
policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
US came up with to revive war-torn economies of Europe; offered $13 billion in aid to western and Southern Europe
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
In 1949, the United States, Canada, and ten European nations formed this military mutual-defense pact. In 1955, the Soviet Union countered NATO with the formation of the Warsaw Pact, a military alliance among those nations within its own sphere of influence.
General and leader of Nationalist China after 1925. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong
Leader of the Chinese Communist Party (1927-1976). He led the Communists on the Long March (1934-1935) and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during the Japanese occupation of China (1937-1945)
latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
The House Committee on Un-American Activities was an investigating committee which investigated what it considered un-American propaganda
actors, producers who were blacklisted for being communists although most were innocent
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Ethel and Julius Rosenberg
American communists who were executed after having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage. The charges were in relation to the passing of information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. Theirs was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history
1950s; Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in American gov't, but no credible evidence; took advantage of fears of communism post WWII to become incredibly influential; "McCarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists
John Foster Dulles
Eisenhower's Sec. of State; harsh anti-Communist; called for more radical measures to roll back communism where it had already spread (containment too cautious)
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of Soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
Francis Gary Powers
U-2 spy plane pilot, was shot down in Russia and imprisoned; his mission was to be top secret and all parties believed he must have died or committed suicide in the crash; failed to die and caused controversy between Soviets and US; blocked most attempts at reconciliation between the increasingly hostile nations
In which the Russians shot down a high altitude US spy plane over the Soviet Union; this incident exposed a secret US tactic for gaining information.