ANTI-DIURETIC HORMONE (ADH)
Drinking lots of alcohol causes a person to urinate a lot and have a bad headache due to dehydration. This is because alcohol suppresses the release of this hormone, which would cause kidney tubules to reabsorb water from forming urine and return it to the bloodstream. Without this hormone, a person excretes too much water.
GROWTH HORMONE (GH)
Since this hormone generally stimulates growth in liver, muscle, and bone tissues, some parents are requesting that injections of a synthetic form of the hormone be given to their children who aren't very tall.
THYROID HORMONE (TH) (THYROXINE)
This hormone stimulates enzymes in the glucose oxidation pathway, thus affecting the body's metabolic rate. Some people who don't secrete enough of this hormone find themselves gaining weight and feeling cold all the time.
Release of this hormone helps you respond to emergency situations - it increases your heart rate and metabolic rate, and raises blood sugar levels. This hormone is also used clinically to stimulate the heart or help the body respond to acute asthma attacks or allergic responses.
This hormone acts primarily on the kidney tubules, causing them to reabsorb sodium ions back into the bloodstream. Since water follows the sodium, this increases blood volume and pressure.
Patients who do not produce enough of this hormone, or whose cells do not respond well to it, have diabetes mellitus. Because this hormone facilitates the entry of glucose into body cells, and causes excess blood glucose to be stored in the liver in the form of glycogen, its deficiency results in hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and possibly ketoacidosis.
THYMOSIN & THYMOPOIETIN
These hormones are necessary for the normal development of T-cells, which are critical to our immune response. (There are two of them.)
This hormone is released when the body is under long-term stress; it depresses inflammatory and immune responses, stimulates gluconeogenesis and hyperglycemia, and mobilizes fats for energy.
PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH)
This is the most important hormone for control of blood calcium levels. It activates osteoclasts to break down bone, thus causing release of calcium into the bloodstream when needed.
This hormone acts in the opposite way to #i - it stimulates calcium deposit into bone and inhibits osteoclasts. It is most important in children, however.
People who consistently have hypoglycemia may suffer from a deficiency of this hormone, which normally acts to increase blood glucose levels by causing glycogen in the liver to be broken down so glucose can be released into the bloodstream.
This hormone is released in large amounts in a pregnant woman due to the stretching of the uterus and cervix at full term. It then causes uterine muscles to contract for labor and delivery of the baby. It also causes the "letdown" reflex in nursing moms, and may be responsible for the nurturing instincts of males and females.
This hormone is released by one gland in relatively small amounts in both sexes, and in large amounts by the male gonad after puberty. It causes sperm formation and the development of secondary sex characteristics in the male. It is responsible for the sex drive in males and females.
This hormone seems to help establish our "biological clock" so that we want to sleep at night and be active during the daytime.