Bio Ch 13 Sec 1-4 Cumulative Vocab Review

Created by lmwa2001 

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cell

basic unit of structure in a living thing

cell membrane

outside boundary of cell

nucleus

control center of cell

cytoplasm

clear jellylike substance containing cell organelles

tissue

a group of similar cells

musclar tissue

can contract or shorten

nervous tissue

directs and controls processes in your body

connective tissue

provides support and connects all parts of the body

epithelial tissue

tissue on the surface of the body

organ

structure composed of different types of tissues

organ system

group of organs that work together to perform a major function

homeostasis

internal environment is kept stable and balanced

stress

reaction of your body to potentially threatening event

skeleton

framework made up of bones

vertebrae

backbone

joint

where 2 or more bones come together

ligament

connects bone to bone

cartilage

flexible connective tissue

compact bone

hard dense part of bone

spongy bone

open spaces keeps bone lightweight

marrow

red and yellow soft connective tissue

osteoporosis

body's bones become weak and break easily

involuntary muscle

not under conscious control

voluntary muscle

under conscious control

skeletal muscle

attached to bone for movement

tendon

attaches muscle to bone

striated muscle

another name for skeletal muscle

smooth muscle

muscle found in internal organs

cardiac muscle

heart muscle

epidermis

outer layer of skin

melanin

pigment found in skin that determines color

dermis

inner layer of skin

pore

opening in skin

follicle

where hair growth occurs

cancer

uncontrollable cell division

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