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Ch. 1.. 1. What is the difference between producing and directing?

Producing- includes securing all necessary personnel, space, and financing; supervising all production and promotional efforts; fielding all legal matters; and distributing all proceeds derived from receipts

Directing- includes controlling and developing the artistic product and providing it with a unified vision, coordinating all its components, and supervising all rehearsals

Ch. 1.. 2. What is the difference between stage managing and house managing?

stage managing- includes the responsibility for "running" a play production in all its complexity in performance after performance

house managing- which includes the responsibility for admitting, seating, and providing for the general comfort of the audience

Ch. 1.. 3. What makes theater unique and separates it from other art forms?

Unique because it involves actors impersonating characters; further, impersonation is the single most important aspect of the theater

Ch. 1.. 4. 4. What are the differences between presentation/direct and representations/indirect performance?

direct- Acknowledges audience
indirect- As if audience wasn't there

Ch 2.. 1. What are the first defined dramatic genres?

Tragedy and comedy

Ch 2.. What three components are central to tragic drama? Explain

Tragedy- a profoundly serious play
1. the protagonist undergoes a decline of fortune, which leads to his or her suffering and usually death; protagonist has a tragic flaw (harartia)
2. struggle, self-recognition (this has the protagonist change course and thus leads to the protagonists demise or dismemberment) tragedy is neither pathetic nor maudlin; it describes a bold, aggressive, heroic attack against huge, perhaps insurmountable, odds
3. fundamental conflict and character struggle against the antagonist; antagonists are usually superhuman (gods, ghosts, fate)

Ch 2.. What are differences between protagonist and antagonist?

Protagonist- central character in a play, Greek "carrier of the action",
Antagonist- opposite of protagonist; "opposer of the action"; can be gods, ghosts or fate

Ch 2.. Shakespeares complete dramatic works are divided into what three categories?

Comedies, tragedies, histories

farce

highly comic, light-hearted drama, usually involving stock situations such as mistaken identity or discovered lovers tryst

dark comedy

plays with serious themes, and with dark humor

history plays

consider true masterpieces of human observation; has true definitive value

documentry drama

drama that presents historic facts in a non fictionalilized or slightly fictionalized manner

melodrama

a suspenseful, plot- oriented drama featuring all-good heroes, all-bad villains, simplistic dialogue, soaring moral conclusions and bravura acting

satire

a play or other literary work that ridicules social follies, beliefs, religions, or human vices, almost always in a lighthearted vien

Ch 2.. How is theme different from plot?

Plot- refers to the mechanics of storytelling; the sequencing of characters coming and going, the timetable of the palys events, and the specific ordering of revelations, reversals, quarrels, discoveries and action that takes place on stage
Theme- abstracted intellectual content; overall statement, topic, central idea, or message

Ch 2.. What are theatrical conventions? Be able to give two examples. How do they reflect Samuel Taylor Coledridge's "willing suspension of disbelief"?

Convention- a theatrical custom that the audience accepts without thinking
(1) when an actor turns away from the other actors on stage and talks directly to the audience, it is presumed that the other actors on stage do not hear him (this is the convention of "aside") and (2) when all actors on stage leave the stage, and new actors reenter, it is known that time has elapsed.

Ch 2..What is "catharsis"? What genre is it found in?

Catharsis- the purging or cleansing of the terror and pity that the audience feels during the climax of a tragedy
Found in genre of tragedy

Ch 3.. What is the most important characteristic of a playwright?

He or she provides the point of origin for nearly every play production

Ch 3.. what are the two fundamental tools of the playwright?

Dialogue and physical action

Ch 3.. what is the difference between continuous lineararity and discontinuous lineararity in the structure of a play?

Continuous- events of a play connected to eachother in a strict chronological order
Nonlinear- flashing back in forth through memories, fantasies, and historical expedition

Ch 3.. How are credibility and intrigue different?

Credibility- an audience imposed demand
Intrigue- the quality of the play that makes us want to watch it

Ch 3.. Why is Tony Kushner's "Angels in America" considered a masterpiece of modern drama?

It is a masterpiece because he laid bare still-unsettled issues in American culture that touch upon race, religion, gender, politics, and sexual orientation and made it into a humorous play.

Ch 3.. Lynn Nottigat received the 2009 Glitterz Prize for "Ruined"! What is this play about?

The play takes place in a small-town bar and brothel run by "mama Nadi," the "Mother Courage" or the play, who seeks to create a survivable wartime environment for herself and the people around her. The play is globally known for its sexual violence against women.

Ch 4.. What are the two notions of acting?

What the actor presents to the audience and what the actor has inside of them

Ch 4.. Why is the inside method of acting also called representational acting?

It is also known as representational acting because the actor is asked to represent the character's body ad soul, his or her thoughts and emotions.

Ch 4.. What do Paul Newman, Ann BanCroft, Al Pacino, James Dean, Dustin Hoffman, and Marilyn Monroe have in common with Lee Strasburg?

Lee Strasburg taught all of these actors. Strong believers of Stanislavsky method of acting.

Ch 4.. What is the "Stanislavsky Method" of acting?

Set of techniques meant to create realistic portrayal of characters. Substitution, "as if", sense memory, affective or emotional memory, animal work, archetype work

Ch 4.. Describe the acting technique known as emotion memory or emotion recall.

It is when the actor mentally substitutes remembered situations from his or her own life into the action of the play in order to reach emotional levels the play required.

Ch 4.. What are the two distinct stages of actor training?

two phases: development of the actor's approach to a role and developing the actor's vocal and physical instrument.

Ch 4.. Carefully read the "photo essay actor Patrick stewart" how was the set of the bridge of the enterprise like an elizabethian stage? What was Stewarts biggest handicap in doing American Plays?

It was like an Elizabethan stage because it was a very theatrical set, basically a stage format that hasn't changed much since the sixteenth century. It also had Elizabethan costumes. And finally, the nature of the relationships of the principal cast very much conforms to what you might find in a Shakespearean history play... His biggest handicap was that he was born in North of England, so he had to lose his Yorkshire accent before acting in American plays.

Ch 5.. What is the job of the director on the technical level?

person who organizes the production. schedules the work process and supervises the acting, designing, staging, and technical operation of the play. Usually the easiest part of the director's job.

Ch 5.. What is the job of the director on an artistic level?

inspired a creation of theatre with each production. He or she conceptualizes the play, gives it vision and purpose- both social and aesthetic- and inspires the company of artists to join together in collaboration. This is the hard part, the part by which directors earn their reputations.

Ch 5.. The ancient Greeks called the director "Didaskalos". What does this mean?

teacher

Ch 5.. What is the objective of realistic directors?

All performers vigorously rehearse toward the development of individual, realistically conceived roles- which were then plated out in highly organic, even volatile, patterns of dramatic action.

Ch 5.. What restrictions are placed on styling directors?

unrestrained by rigid formulas with respect to verisimilitude or realistic behavior; their goal is to create sheer theatrical brilliance, beauty, and excitement and lead to their collaborators in explorations of pure theatre and pure theatrical imagination.

Ch 5.. What are the 2 main functions of the producer?

money and hiring the director

Ch 5.. What is a Tony? What is it named after?

The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre, more commonly known as a Tony Award, recognizes achievement in live Broadway theatre.The awards are named after Antoinette Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing.

Ch 5.. What is the most critical decision for any director?

The selection of the script

Ch 5.. What is the difference between a directorial core concept and the high concept?

The two different sorts of directorial concepts. Core concept is the director's determination of the most important of the many images, ideas, and emotions that should emerge from the play. High concept is changing the time period in which it is set and placing it in another.

Carefully read Photo Essay, the School for Wives. Pg 108-120. Be able to explain: First Reading, Blocking, Renderings, Light plot, Fight directors, photo call, technical rehearsal, dress rehearsal, gobos, assistant stage manager and quick change.

blocking- Director specifically tells you where to go and what to do. The actors entrances, exits, where they actors sit stand throughout the play
renderings, - drawings of what the costumes, scene, and lighting will look like
light plot, - a detailed diagram of where lights need to be and when they need to go on
fight directors, - specific directors who train actors to participate in fight scenes
photo call, - Neither scenery nor costumes are fully finished, nor have all the lighting instruments been installed , but selected pieces have been completed and temporary lighting has been set up so that the key scenes from the play may be photographed for the souvenir program and upcoming publicity releases.
technical rehearsal, - where all the lighting is put in place and a rehearsal is done specifically for the props and lights
dress rehearsal, - after the sound, lighting, and scene-shift cues have been folded into the production; this is so they can see how the costumes look under the like, and in front of the set and to make sure the actors were able to move around in their costumes
gobos, - filters placed inside lighting instruments to create patterns that can be projected onto the projected onto floors and walls to give added texture
ASM, - assistant stage manager, stays backstage where they make visual cues to the actors, oversee the placement of props, and respond to backstage emergencies
quick change- when an actor needs to make a change in a few seconds which is done backstage

What is the basic architecture of staging?

blocking is the basic architecture of staging which refers to the timing and placement of a character's entrances, exits, rises, crosses, embraces, and other major movements.

What is stage business? Be able to give at least three examples.

small-scale movements a character performs within the larger pattern of entrances and crosses and exits
EX: mixing a cocktail, answering a cocktail, adjusting a tie

What determines the pace of a play?

the director determines the pace of the play

What is added to the rehearsal process during the technical rehearsals and the dress rehearsals?

scenery, lighting, sound, costumes are added

What are preview performances?

where the director can evaluate his or her production in terms of how the audience responds so he or she can make cuts and changes in the play if desired

What is the directors task on opening night?

seeing and evaluating the production and gauging the audiences response; most useless person on opening night. in professional theater a director's contract usually terminates on opening night

In professional theater, when does a director's contract normally terminate?

in professional theater a director's contract usually terminates on opening night

How much money did the producer spend on the 2007 Mathew Warchus London production of Lord of the Rings?

nearly $50 million

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