Pharmacology Exam Two C

60 terms by Kim1775

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Unstable Angina:

An early stage of progressive coronary Artery disease is ____ ____.

Unstable angina:

With ____ ____, pain increases in severity as does the frequency of attacks.

Vasospastic Angina:

With ____ _____ , pain happens at rest and without any precipitating cause, and follows a regular pattern

Vasospastic Angina:

___ ___ is caused by spasms of smooth muscles around artherosclerotic coronary arteries.

Increase blood flow:

One objective of antianginal therapy is to ____ ____ ____ to ischemic heart muscle.

Prevent or delay:

One objective of antianginal therapy is to ___ __ ___ a myocardial infarction.

Functional capacity:

One objective of antianginal therapy is to improve the patient's ___ ___ with as few side effects as possible.

Decrease myocardial oxygen demand:

One objective of antianginal therapy is to ____ ____ ____ ____.

Decrease; duration; intensity:

Antianginal therapy minimizes the frequency of attacks and ___ the ___ and ___ of anginal pain.

Nitroglycerin; oral:

____ is used for symptomatic treatment of ischemic heart conditions (angina); large first pass effect for ____ forms.

Nitroglycerin; heart failure; pulmonary; hypertensive:

____ in IV form is used for BP control in preioperative hypertension, treatment of ___ ___, ischemic pain, ____ edema associated w/acute MI's, and ____ emergencies.

Isosorbide dinitrate; Isordil;

____ ____ (aka _____, sorbitrate & dilatrate) is a vasodilator used as a direct vasodilator to treat congestive heart failure.

Isosorbide mononitrate:

____ _____ is a drug used principally in the treatment of angina pectoris and acts by dilating the blood vessels so as to reduce the blood pressure. It is sold under the trade name Imdur.

Atenolol; Tenormin:

____ ( ____) -beta blocker-used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina and improve survival after a heart attack. It works by relaxing blood vessels and slowing heart rate to improve blood flow and decrease blood pressure.

Metoprolol; lopressor:

____ ( ___ ) -beta blocker- is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It also is used to prevent angina and to improve survival after a heart attack. Extended-release metoprolol also is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure.

Propranolol; Inderal:

____ ( ___ ) is a non-selective beta blocker mainly used in the treatment of hypertension.

Nadolol; Corgard:

____ ( ____ ) -beta blocker- is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to prevent angina.

Beta Blockers:

____ ____ can be used to treat angina, hypertension, migraine headaches and after Mi's.

Beta Blockers:

___ ___ are contraindicated with systolic heart failure, serious dysrhythmias, bronchial asthma and diabetes.

Verapamil; Calan:

____ ( ____ ) -calcium channel blocker -is used to treat high blood pressure and to control angina. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It also increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart and slows electrical activity in the heart to control the heart rate.

Dilitiazem; cardizem:

____ ( ___ ) -calcium channel blocker- is used to treat high blood pressure and to control angina. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It also increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.

Nifedipine; Procardia:

____ ( ___ ) -calcium channel blocker - is used to treat high blood pressure and to control angina. It works by relaxing the blood vessels so the heart does not have to pump as hard. It also increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.

Calcium Channel blockers:

___ ___ ___ prevent muscle contractions and promote relaxation of smooth muscles that surround coronary arteries.

Calcium:

____ plays an important role in the excitation process of the heart, vascular smooth muscle cells and skeletla muscles.

Calcium Channel blockers; hypertension:

___ ___ ___ are the first line agents for treatment of angina, ____, and supraventricular tachycardia.

Atrial Fibrillation:

Calcium channel blockers are used for the short-term management of ____ ____ and flutter.

Nitroglycerin:

____ is to be taken at the first hint of anginal pain; one tablet every 5 minutes until chest pain subsides; no more that 3 tabs in 15 minutes.

Angina; before meals:

Calcium channel blockers are used for maintence of ____ and should be taken ___ ___.

Beta Blockers:

____ ____ should never be abruptly discontinued due to risk of hypertensive crisis.

Systemic Vascular resistance:

Blood pressure is determined by cardiac output and ___ ___ ____.

Cardiac Output:

____ ____ is the amount of blood ejected from the left ventrical.

Systemic Vascular Resistance:

___ ___ ____ is the force the left ventricle has to overcome to eject its volume of blood.

Thiazide:

____ type diuretics should be the initial drug therapy for most patients with hypertension.

Adrenergic:

____ drugs are a type of antihypertensive drug.

Angiotensin; antihypertensive :

Ace inhibitors stand for _____ converting enzyme, which is a type of _____ drugs.

Angiotensin II receptor:

___ ___ ___ blockers are a type of anithypertensive drug.

Calcium Channel blockers:

___ ___ ___ are a type of anithypertensive drug.

Diuretics:

_____ are a type of antihypertensive drug.

Antihypertensive drug:

Vasodilators are a type of ____ ____.

Doxazosin; Cardura:

____ ( ____ ) is an Alpha 1 blocker (adrenergic agent) used in men to treat the symptoms of BPH. It is also used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure.

Prazosin; Minipress:

____ ( ____ ) is an Alpha 1 blocker (adrenergic agent) used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure.

Tamsulosin; (Flomax):

____ ( ____ ) is an Alpha 1 blocker (adrenergic agent) used in men to treat the symptoms of BPH.

Clonidine; Catapress:

____ ( ____ ) is an Alpha 2 Adrenergic Agonist that is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure (centrally acting alpha-agonist hypotensive agents)

Beta Blockers:

____ _____ are a class of drugs used for various indications, but particularly for the management of cardiac arrhythmias, cardioprotection after myocardial infarction, and hypertension.

Cardioselective:

The second generation of beta blockers are described as _____, in that drugs in this group mostly block the binding of norepinephrine and epinephrine to beta-1 adrenoceptors, which help to control the heart's rate and contractile force.

Selective; nonselective:

____ beta-blockers work on beta-1 adrenoreceptors, which control heart rate and force of heartbeat. _____ beta-blockers work on beta-1 adrenoreceptors and beta-2 adrenoreceptors, which control the relaxation of smooth muscle.

Orthostatic Hypotension:

A side effect of Clonidine is a high incidence of ____ _____.

Clonidine:

_____ is an Alpha 2 stimulator-Agonist, that stimulates alpha 2 receptors in the spinal cord.

Angiotensin 2; vasoconstriction:

____ __ triggers the release of "Al-dosterone", increasing inflammation in the arteries, causing ______, which increases tissue resistance to insulin.

Ace inhibitors, angiotensin II:

____ ____ block the antiotnesin converting enzyme, thus preventing the formation of _____ ___.

Systemic vascular resistance:

The use of ACE inhibitors results in decreased ____ ____ _____ (afterload) and vasodilation, therefore decreasing BP.

Hypertensive; heart failure:

Ace inhibitors are the drugs of choice in ____ patients with ___ ___.

Captopril; Capoten; frequent:

____ ( ____ ) is used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure; has a very short half-life and requires ____ dosing.

Enalapril; Vasotec:

____ ( ____ ) is an Ace Inhibitor used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure.

Lisinopril; Prinivil and Zestril):

____ ( ____ & ____) in an ACE inihibitor is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure, as well as to improve survival after a heart attack.

Quniapril; Accupril:

____ ( ____ ) is an Ace Inhibitor and is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is used in combination with other medications to treat heart failure.

Dry nonproductive cough:

A major side effect of Ace Inhibitors is a ___ ___ ___ which reverses when therapy is stopped.

Losartan; Cozaar; Hyzaar:

____ ( ____ / ____ ) is an Angiotensin 2 Blocker that is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to decrease the risk of stroke in people who have high blood pressure and a heart condition called left ventricular hypertrophy (enlargement of the walls of the left side of the heart).

Valsartan; Diovan:

____ ( ____ ) is an Angiotensin 2 Blocker and is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat high blood pressure. It is also used to treat heart failure in people who cannot take angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

Angiotensin 2 Blockers:

____ __ ___ prevent the binding of AII to the receptors, blocking vasoconstriction and the secretion of aldosterone.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set